BLM launches a native seeds strategy for damaged landscapes

The initiative aims to restore burned ecosystems and target fire-prone invasives like cheatgrass.

 

From the air, Steve Ellis could tell the Soda Fire burned hot. Flying thousands of feet above large swaths of burned sagebrush steppe last Sunday, Ellis, deputy director of the Bureau of Land Management, searched the Idaho landscape for islands of vegetation that might have survived the more than 283,000-acre blaze. He saw none.

The conversation in the aircraft quickly turned to landscape rehabilitation. ‘How are we going to seed this? When are we going to get in there?’ Ellis asked his colleagues. Already, crews have been deployed, hoping to get an early start on planting natives before invasive weeds, like cheatgrass and medusahead, get a foothold.

Such post-fire rehabilitation and restoration is an uphill battle for land managers and conservation organizations in the West. Bigger and longer fires make it difficult for crews to take advantage of small planting windows, inflate seed prices and increase demand for personnel and equipment. As a result, many burned areas aren’t replanted, leading to severe post-fire soil erosion. But the federal government is hoping to change that with their new National Seed Strategy for Rehabilitation and Restoration.

19959446813_3302c239e4_o-jpg
BLM Wyoming Seeds Of Success Program Conducts Seed Research at University of Wyoming
Bureau of Land Management

The strategy, developed as part of the Department of the Interior’s Rangeland Fire Initiative, will guide ecological restoration by creating a national network of facilities to provide storage for genetically appropriate, locally adapted seeds and coordinating seed collectors, farmers and growers to supply such seed. By supporting vegetation types that are resilient to drought, intense fires and invasive species, the strategy hopes to combat the effects of climate change and protect important habitat for species like the greater sage grouse.

Today, three seed storage facilities in Idaho and Nevada can accommodate up to two million pounds of seed — a marked increase from the mere 800,000 pounds housed by the original Boise facility five years ago. But Patricia Roller, national seed coordinator for the Bureau of Land Management, says more storage, especially cold storage, is still needed.

Each year, the seed warehouses meet with vendors and participate in three to four large seed-buys. In bad burn years, increased demand pushes the cost of seeds up. For example, in 2012, when more than two million acres of sagebrush habitat burned in four Western states, drought-resistant bluebunch wheatgrass seed went from $4 to $5 a pound to $20 per pound. Increased storage, Roller says, would allow the BLM to purchase seed at lower costs when wildfires aren’t raging and store those seeds until they’re needed.   

The BLM also partners with nurseries to obtain seedlings. Right now, the U.S. Forest Service’s Lucky Peak Nursery outside of Boise is growing three million sagebrush seedlings for the torched West — their largest crop ever.

But even three million seedlings may not be enough to restore burned areas in the Great Basin, where fire-prone invasives, like cheatgrass, have outcompeted native vegetation on a massive scale and altered fire regimes.

In wet years, cheatgrass flourishes — and this year’s predicted “Super El Niño” could exacerbate the weed’s spread, making wildfires more likely.

“In forests, the main thing that drives forest fires is drought and desiccation; but in the Great Basin, it’s the wet conditions that promote fire,” explains Bethany Bradley, a researcher with the University of Massachusetts’ Spatial Ecology Lab. In her spatial analyses, Bradley has found increased fire in the Great Basin after an El Niño year that can be associated with cheatgrass growth. 

“I think the biggest challenge in invaded areas is that even if you can get some natives in, if it burns again, you’re back to square one — and that’s all too likely in much of the Great Basin.”

The national seed strategy, though, should help land management agencies better meet that challenge. As Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell put it in a press release, “having the right seed in the right place at the right time makes a major difference in the health of our landscapes.”

Gloria Dickie is an editorial intern at High Country News

High Country News Classifieds
  • PUBLIC LANDS PROGRAM MANAGER
    Conserve Southwest Utah is seeking a candidate with excellent communication skills and a commitment to environmental conservation for the position of Public Lands Program Manager....
  • EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
    The Western Slope Conservation Center in Paonia, CO, seeks a dynamic leader who is mission-driven, hardworking, and a creative problem-solver. WSCC is committed to creating...
  • PLANNED GIVING OFFICER
    National Parks Conservation Association (NPCA), the nation's oldest and largest national parks nonprofit advocacy organization seeks a Planned Giving Officer. Do you find energy in...
  • NORTHERN NEW MEXICO PROJECT MANAGER
    Seeking qualified Northern New Mexico Project Manager to provide expertise, leadership and support to the organization by planning, cultivating, implementing and managing land conservation activities,...
  • REGIONAL TRAIL STEWARDSHIP COORDINATOR
    Are you passionate about connecting people to the outdoors? The Pacific Crest Trail Association (PCTA) is looking for someone with trail maintenance and volunteer engagement...
  • TRAIL CREW MEMBER
    Position Title: Trail Crew Member Position Type: 6 month seasonal position, April 17-October 15, 2023 Location: Field-based; The RFOV office is in Carbondale, CO, and...
  • CEO BUFFALO NATIONS GRASSLANDS ALLIANCE
    Chief Executive Officer, Remote Exempt position for Buffalo Nations Grasslands Alliance is responsible for the planning and organization of BNGA's day-to-day operations
  • IDAHO DIRECTOR - WESTERN WATERSHEDS PROJECT
    Western Watersheds Project seeks an Idaho Director to continue and expand upon WWP's campaign to protect and restore public lands and wildlife in Idaho, with...
  • DIRECTOR OF DEVELOPMENT, NA'AH ILLAHEE FUND
    Na'ah Illahee Fund (NIF) is seeking a highly qualified Development Director to join our team in supporting and furthering our mission. This position will create...
  • DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONS, NA'AH ILLAHEE FUND
    Na'ah Illahee Fund (NIF) is seeking a highly qualified Operations Director to join our team. This position will provide critical organizational and systems support to...
  • DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR
    Grand Staircase Escalante Partners (GSEP) is seeking a leader to join our dynamic team in the long-term protection of Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument (GSENM). We...
  • GRASSLAND RESEARCH COORDINATOR
    The Grassland Research Coordinator is a cooperative position with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service that performs and participates in and coordinates data collection for...
  • HYDROELECTRIC PLANT
    1.3 MW FERC licensed hydroelectric station near Taylorsville CA. Property is 184 deeded acres surrounded by National Forrest.
  • "PROFILES IN COURAGE: STANDING AGAINST THE WYOMING WIND"
    13 stories of extraordinary courage including HCN founder Tom Bell, PRBRC director Lynn Dickey, Liz Cheney, People of Heart Mountain, the Wind River Indian Reservation...
  • GRANT WRITER
    JOB DESCRIPTION: This Work involves the responsibility of conducting research in the procurement of Federal, State, County, and private grant funding. Additional responsibilities include identifying...
  • ASPIRE COLORADO SUSTAINABLE BODY AND HOME CARE PRODUCTS
    Go Bulk! Go Natural! Our products are better for you and better for the environment. Say no to single-use plastic. Made in U.S.A., by a...
  • CANYONLANDS FIELD INSTITUTE
    Field seminars for adults in the natural and human history of the Colorado Plateau, with lodge and base camp options. Small groups, guest experts.
  • ATTORNEY AD
    Criminal Defense, Code Enforcement, Water Rights, Mental Health Defense, Resentencing.
  • LUNATEC HYDRATION SPRAY BOTTLE
    A must for campers and outdoor enthusiasts. Cools, cleans and hydrates with mist, stream and shower patterns. Hundreds of uses.
  • LUNATEC ODOR-FREE DISHCLOTHS
    are a must try. They stay odor-free, dry fast, are durable and don't require machine washing. Try today.