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Jodi Peterson | Jul 30, 2009 05:03 AM

It’s been more than two years since HCN reported on the West’s disappearing honeybees (see "Silence of the Bees"). Since then, parasitic mites and a mysterious syndrome called colony collapse disorder have killed off thousands more hives. Honeybees pollinate 80 percent of the fruits and vegetables we eat, and many wild species essential to ecosystems. In China, hive collapse has forced farmers to start pollinating fruit trees by hand with brushes.

Now, researchers at Washington State University think they’ve figured out the major causes of colony collapse disorder. One problem is a pathogen called Nosema cerana, which causes an immune-deficiency disorder in bees, making them more vulnerable to infections, parasites and pesticides. Another is that beekeepers use the same honeycombs for many years, allowing high levels of pesticide residue to build up in the wax. 

Beekeepers are  taking action, reports Canada’s

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Population: 6.9 billion and counting

Marty Durlin | Jul 29, 2009 06:30 AM

Last week New York Times reporter Andrew C. Revkin -- one of few U.S. journalists following the population issue -- wrote a short blog about China's recent about-face on population policy. After decades of mandating a one-child limit, China is now urging "eligible" couples (those who are only children themselves)  to have a second baby. The reason? At the current birth rate, China will have more than 438 million people over 60 by 2050 -- and only 1.6 working-age adults to support each one. (That's compared with 7.7 in 1975.) The easing of the one-child policy is beginning in Shanghai, China's financial hub, where the over-60 cohort already comprises more than 20 percent of the population. 

Revkin also noted that the Indian state of Kerala is using a "three Es policy -- education, employment, equality" to quell the rising population -- avoiding the "family planning camps" which in the past used forced sterilization to keep the fertility rate down.

Both China and India have used draconian measures to control population -- while in the U.S. we have employ no measures at all, and in fact, rarely discuss it.  Like China, the U.S. also has a looming problem supporting its older generation: social security benefits will begin to outstrip Social Security tax revenues in about eight years, and the trust fund will be depleted by 2041 unless the formula is changed. And as our most populous state -- California, with 12 percent of the total U.S. population -- founders under the burden of its budgetary responsibilities, maybe it's time for the U.S. to educate its citizens on the perils of overpopulation.

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Princes and paupers

Cally Carswell | Jul 29, 2009 05:05 AM

California state parks learned their fate yesterday when the Governator finally got around to signing the state budget. He didn’t wield quite the large knife he’d (creepily) threatened to, cutting only $14.2 million from the parks’ budget—drastically less than the $143 million he’d earlier proposed.

Here’s what Elizabeth Goldstein of the California State Parks Foundations says Californians can look forward to in their newly shuttered parks, as told to the Thin Green Line:

Access to the parks would be illegal, though not impossible in most cases, so the likely result, she said, would be lots of litter, some marijuana grow operations, increased risk of wildfires and maybe even some meth labs.

While the meth heads are setting up shop in state parks, California’s national forests will be sitting pretty—at least comparatively speaking. They’re raking in $76.7 million in stimulus funding from the Forest Service for much needed trail and building maintenance, the most any state received.  


Social justice hits the road

Ariana Brocious | Jul 28, 2009 09:53 AM

For three months, Chloe Noble and Jill Hardman have been living out of backpacks and sleeping on the streets of Seattle, Portland and San Francisco. They walk miles every day, and depend on the kindness of strangers. These women aren’t actually homeless — but they very well could be.

Noble and Hardman are the creators of Homeless Youth Pride Walk 2009, a 6,000-mile trek across the country to raise awareness and support for the large population of homeless youth that is lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. Between 20 to 40 percent of  homeless youth are LGBT, which the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force terms an “epidemic” in their 2006 report.

The two women are Salt Lake City residents who grew up in Mormon families — experiencing the LGBT discrimination of the LDS church firsthand (something HCN covered last fall), which hasn’t subsided given the outrage over the “kiss-in” protest last week. Hardman has never been homeless, but Noble, 37, lived on the streets for a decade after leaving home when she was 20.

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Honoring the forgotten

Arla Shephard | Jul 28, 2009 07:34 AM

Today the remains of three African-American soldiers will be buried at Santa Fe National Cemetery, more than 130 years after their deaths.

Army Pvts. David Ford, Levi Morris and Thomas Smith were among the famous “Buffalo Soldiers,” African-American men who served in the military during the Civil War and later guarded the farthest reaches of the West. Their remains, along with more than 60 other sets, were exhumed from New Mexico’s Fort Craig cemetery, after the Bureau of Reclamation discovered extensive looting there in 2007.

The servicemen will receive full military honors at their ceremony, along with new headstones and forensic sketches of what they looked like in life displayed next to their caskets. Finding and honoring them is admirable, especially given how little the general public remembers the Buffalo Soldiers (outside of some very catchy Bob Marley lyrics). So here’s a little history lesson for you:  

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End of an exodus?

Ariana Brocious | Jul 23, 2009 10:27 AM

As the debate rages on over border fence construction and the environmental and population impacts of immigration, a report released yesterday by the Pew Hispanic Center showed a marked decrease in Mexican migrants entering the U.S.

Migration rates into the U.S. from Mexico dropped almost 40 percent between 2006 and 2009, while migration back to Mexico remained relatively stable, according to the report. Study author Jeffrey Passel told the Washington Post that "the faltering Mexican economy; tales of drug violence there  and indications (of) tougher enforcement by U.S. border patrol agents,"  could be factors influencing Mexican nationals to stay on this side of the border.

There is no single direct way to measure immigration since most Mexican immigrants are unauthorized and the U.S. does not monitor emigration. However, U.S. Border Patrol apprehensions of Mexicans attempting to cross the border illegally dropped by one-third between 2006 and 2008, according to the report.

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Uranium tangle, two years later

Cally Carswell | Jul 23, 2009 05:45 AM

It’s all about the water. More to the point, it’s about Jackie Adolph’s belief that everyone in Colorado has a right to clean water.

"Why would we not?" she asked.

Since 2007, Adolph and fellow members of Coloradoans Against Resource Destruction, or CARD, have been doggedly defending that right, which they say is endangered by a proposed in-situ uranium mine in Weld County, Colo., an area much more densely populated than those that usually skirt uranium mines.

The basic premise of the dispute between CARD and Powertech (USA) Inc., the company hoping to tap Weld County’s uranium deposits, has changed little in the last two years. CARD remains "horrified", as Adolph puts it, by the threats uranium mining poses to the area water supply, and Powertech still counters that it’s capable of restoring the water to its current level of quality or better.

"That’s always the goal, no matter where you are in the United States," said Richard Clement, Powertech President and CEO.

But a few things have changed. The stakes were raised by Powertech’s recent announcement that it optioned the mineral and water rights to an additional 3,585 acres in Weld County, practically doubling the scope of its original plan.

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Twilight bites into Forks

Arla Shephard | Jul 22, 2009 10:15 AM

Forks, Wash., just isn’t what it used to be.

I have fond memories of the once-sleepy little town. When I was a child, my family would camp out on the Pacific Coast and then make a leisurely  stop in Forks to eat and shower. Restaurants like Sully’s Drive-In and the Smokehouse have been around forever. And like most places on the Olympic Peninsula, the town is beautiful: beaches, rainforest, and mountains are only hours away.

So I guess I can’t blame Stephanie Meyer for choosing Forks as the setting of her immensely popular Twilight books. But I can express resounding surprise at the sudden transformation of the town into a thriving tourist destination. I doubt it will ever again be like I remember it. 

In case you're one of the lucky few who still don't know what Twilight is, it's the four-part saga of a teenage girl's crush on a good-guy vampire. Forks, population of about 3,000, has seen a tremendous increase in visitors since the book series debuted in 2005. The total number of visitors in June 2009 was 8,312, according to the Forks Chamber of Commerce. That’s more than the total number of visitors in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006 combined.

As of June 2009, the total number of visitors who had officially signed the register at the Forks Visitors Center was 25,809, almost one and a half times the number in 2008 and nearly three times the number in 2007.

Twilight Sandwich

The fact that visitors from all over the world are now flocking to Forks would simply be amusing, if the town weren’t playing into the hype so heavily. In honor of the books' star-crossed lovers, Bella Swan and Edward Cullen, the town has Bella Burgers at Sully's, Bellasagna with EdBread and Swan Salad at Pacific Pizza, and numerous other tacky offerings. You can even stay at Twilight-inspired rooms at the local motels.

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Navajo Nation passes green jobs legislation, 62-1

Marty Durlin | Jul 21, 2009 08:55 AM

Some 50 Navajos -- including elders and youth and those in-between -- donned green shirts today and filled the chambers of the Navajo Nation Council to promote legislation designed to transform the reservation’s mineral and fossil fuel-based economy into a sustainable, community-based, green system. The show of support paid off: The Council passed the legislation by a vote of 62 to 1.  According to Enei Begaye, who spearheaded a coalition to create the legislation, it is the first tribal government initiative to create green jobs policy and structure. Undoubtedly ambitious -- combining traditional culture, web-based marketing and cutting-edge green technologies -- the plan could transform the Navajo Nation and serve as a model for other tribes.

The legislation will establish a commission to implement projects in seven areas: renewable energy (large-scale and small), green manufacturing (focused on traditional crafts such as rug-weaving, combined with sophisticated marketing and PR campaigns), sustainable agriculture, weatherizing and making energy-efficient traditional and nontraditional homes, green workforce training, management training, and a small business initiative.

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A dismal future for tourism?

Ed Quillen | Jul 21, 2009 08:45 AM

    Back in 1997, I ventured to Boulder for a conference about tourism put on by the Center of the American West. Easily the most provocative speaker was the late Hal Rothman, professor of history at the University of Las Vegas.
    It's easy to bash Vegas as a greedy place of contrived attractions, he said, but that's the tourism industry, and "If your local economy needs tourists, then Vegas is your future, like it or not."
    Tourists are willing to spend good money to get a certain experience, he said, which means there's a "script" -- a set of expectations that a successful tourism operation must meet.
    The Vegas tourist wants bright lights and the chance of getting rich quick. The Iowa tourist in the Rocky Mountains might want to catch fish -- and to assist with the script, the streams and lakes are stocked with rainbow trout. The cultural tourist in Santa Fe wants "authenticity" -- so there are strict building codes to insure that every exterior is constructed "authentically."
    But Rothman made another point about Las Vegas -- thanks to strong unions, it was a great city for working Americans: "This is the last place in the United States where you can have no skills and make a middle-class wage," he told High Country News in 2000.
    That article noted that "If tourism is Las Vegas' industry, then casinos, some with as many as 5,000 rooms, are its factories. And these 'factory' workers aren't struggling to survive on minimum wage....a maid can make $14 an hour, buy a home and a car, and send her kids to college. Elsewhere in the West, service workers struggle to earn a living wage; they rent mobile homes and commute long distances."
    But the bloom is off that rose, according to a recent article in the Wall Street Journal. Unemployment is up and the population is dropping.
    More laid-off Americans mean fewer people with discretionary income for casinos, and many of us who still have work are pinching pennies. Further, corporate America has cut way back on those conventions that were a mainstay of Vegas commerce.
    So if Rothman was right that Las Vegas represents the future of tourist zones in the American West, then even harder times loom. But on the other hand, as Las Vegas and Phoenix wither, there won't be as much demand on the hard-pressed Colorado River.


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