Demographic shifts and the Native voting block

In 1980, 20 percent of the U.S. population was minority; today, 37 percent is.

 

I have been writing for years about the success, well, at least mostly, of Native American voters. During recent presidential election cycles the turnout from Indian Country is inspiring, helping to swing elections from Arizona to North Dakota. 

And just last year Alaska Native voters helped dump a hostile state governor and replaced him with Gov. Bill Walker, an ally, as well as electing Byron Mallott, a Tlingit leader, as the Lt. Governor.

But do you want to know something really cool? The demographic shift that reflects Native voting power is only beginning. What's more the landscape is changing faster than expected and should bring about dramatic changes in states as red as Alaska and Oklahoma.

A new report looks at the numbers and the results are stunning. In 1980 when Ronald Reagan was elected president the population of the United States was 80 percent white. Today that proportion stands at 63 percent and it's likely to be less than 44 percent by 2060. The report The States of Change: Demographics and Democracy is a collaboration of the liberal Center for American Progress, the conservative American Enterprise Institute and demographer William H. Frey of the Brookings Institution. One of the goals is to document and analyze the challenges to democracy posed by the rapid demographic evolution from the 1970s to 2060.

One lens that is particularly revealing: States where people of color are the majority. The report said: Right now, there are only four majority-minority states: California, Hawaii, New Mexico, and Texas. But with the ongoing demographic transformation of the country, our States of Change projections find that this will become more and more common. So in five years Maryland and Nevada will be in that category. Then by 2060 the number of majority-minority states will reach 22, including seven of the currently largest states, making up about two-thirds of the countrys population.

American Indians and Alaska Natives are very much a part of this new majority because we are younger and growing faster than an older white population.

Alaska is the ideal example. The report says the state will be majority, minority as soon as 2030. Alaska Native voters, Asian Americans, Hispanics and African Americans will make up more than half the population then and by 2040 nearly 60 percent. 

Another state that's about to change dramatically is Oklahoma. That states white population dropped 20 percentage points from 87 percent to 67 percent between 1980 and 2014. This means Oklahoma is likely to be a majority-minority state by 2045 and should be only 43 percent white by 2060.

Usually I am not please when I see demographic tables that lump the Native American category into the other category. But this report clearly identifies Native Americans as a significant development in that category. The report finds that South Dakota, Montana and North Dakota are also seeing a rapid increase in the Native population and potential voters.

So what do these trends mean for Indian Country? We are going to have more say. Or else. 

Political parties and politicians must compete for American Indian and Alaska Native voters if they want to remain competitive. So it will not be enough to say that Native issues are a federal concern. Soon each state with a new majority of voters will need to adapt, being a better partner with tribal governments.  The new voting majority means a better shot at Medicaid expansion to support the Indian health system or to improve state funding for tribal community colleges (a hot issue in Montana right now) because legislators are going to need to address these issues if they want to remain viable.

Of course none of these demographic trends represent a sure thing. Fact is we still have a gap between the Native population and the number of eligible voters (something the report says is shrinking). And Indian Country doesn't turnout as many voters as is even possible now. But then again, being in the majority might change that. There's nothing better than winning elections.

 Mark Trahant holds the Atwood Chair at the University of Alaska Anchorage. He is an independent journalist and a member of The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes. For up-to-the-minute posts, download the free Trahant Reports app for your smart phone or tablet. Homepage photograph: Darlene Heckler, an Inupiaq Native American, greets motorists while supporting U.S. Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) for re-election in 2010 in Anchorage, Alaska. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images).

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