How to turn a struggling small town around

In the first part of a series on Boulder, Montana, a well-rounded economic development effort.


This story is the first installment of a three-part series focusing on the challenges and solutions for affordable housing in Boulder, Montana. It was written by the Boulder Monitor and is published here as part of The Montana Gap project, produced in partnership with the Solutions Journalism Network. Read part two and part three here.

When the Montana legislature decided in 2015 that the Montana Developmental Center would close within two years, it was a blow to the community of Boulder.

For more than 125 years, the MDC had been a major employer in the southwestern Montana town of about 1300. The state’s residential facility for individuals with developmental disabilities, the MDC employed roughly 250 people at the time of the closure decision. “Not only will the community’s economy suffer extensively from the loss of over 250 jobs,” a citizens’ committee told legislators, “the overall community ‘psyche’ was done considerable damage through the loss of a valuable community partner of over 125 years.”

Drew Dawson, chair of the Boulder Transition Advisory Committee (BTAC), says the community did not reel for long, though, before buckling down to figure out how to bounce back. “Boulder is resilient and pragmatic,” says Dawson. Citizens gathered to begin “the methodical process of charting Boulder’s future,” he says.

BTAC, aided by the local city and county government plus the county’s economic development arm known as the Jefferson Local Development Corporation, opened a community-wide study circle process under the label “Making Boulder’s Future Bright.” A kick-off gathering facilitated by Dan Clark of the MSU Local Government Center in March 2016 attracted over 100 local citizens.

For about six weeks after that, the citizens met in small groups, discussing what they liked about the community, what they disliked, what they wanted to keep, what they wanted to change, and how to go about it. Four committees formed out of those study circles: marketing; attracting and retaining businesses; recreation; and repurposing the MDC buildings. Overseen by BTAC, that work has continued.

From that work came ten goals and strategies for implementing those goals. Among other items, the goals cover downtown revitalization, marketing the community, developing affordable workforce housing to attract those priced out of the housing market in the larger nearby communities, and expanding growth options by extending city utilities.

One major accomplishment that came from the citizen efforts was the successful passage of legislation to establish a $500,000 Boulder Development Fund. A citizen board has been appointed to oversee the usage of those funds.

Other concrete accomplishments in process include the creation of a community Master Plan, the appointment of a city planning board, application opportunities for an affordable housing development, the development of a capital improvement plan for the city and the start of a downtown growth policy. Efforts are also underway to establish targeted economic districts.

In October the community learned it had been awarded a $20,000 Montana Main Street planning grant for a Downtown Master Plan. “Being a Boulder downtown business owner, I’m very excited to see this happen,” said Cory Kirsch, owner of the local hardware store and a Jefferson County Commissioner.

Business owners have been meeting with others in the community to fashion plans focused on the town’s commercial district. Ideas discussed have included removing false facades added to some of the historic brick buildings, restoring a wrap-around balcony on the second story of a 125-plus year old hotel, and encouraging the development of second story living quarters in some underutilized buildings.

As part of the “Making Boulder’s Future Bright” effort, community members organized a trip to Philipsburg to talk with residents there about how their community has changed and what prompted that change. Philipsburg was chosen because it was viewed as having come back from being mining dependent to attracting an influx of tourists that lifted the local economy.

Old-fashioned lamp posts, lots of flowers and specialty shops attractive to tourists add to the charm of Philipsburg.
Jan Anderson/Boulder Monitor

With an aggressive advertising campaign, Philipsburg had revitalized many of its downtown buildings, brought in a summer theater program, a brewery, a candy shop, a sapphire shop, a barbecue and other businesses attractive to tourists.

Community leaders were also very aggressive about bragging about their community and getting others to do so, too. In 2002, when the revitalization was just getting underway, Philipsburg hosted a dinner for the Montana Newspaper Association, showing off what the town had to offer and predicting how great it was going to become.

In 2015, Philipsburg was honored by Sunset Magazine for reinventing itself after economic decline. The magazine said, “Like so many small towns, Philipsburg struggled in the 1970s and ‘80s, losing residents, businesses, and vital services. This once booming mining town seemed headed for the same fate as numerous nearby ghost towns. Instead, it turned around. Local business owners painted their exteriors in vibrant colors and planted flowers in abandoned planters, giving the historic main street an optimistic appearance. We salute the civic creativity and can-do spirit that make Philipsburg a fun place to visit and a model for reeling small towns everywhere.”

In October 2017, the Philipsburg Arts Fund was awarded a $12,500 grant from the Greater Montana Foundation to fund a 30-minute documentary called “Saving the Burg.” The documentary will highlight how the community revitalized its economy.

According to 2015 federal statistics compiled by Headwaters Economics, Philipsburg has about half the population of Boulder but more than twice as many individuals in retail trade. The percentage of Philipsburg’s population in retail and wholesale trade is more than five times the percentage in Boulder. Boulder’s percentage of population below the poverty level at 23.2 is more than twice that of Philipsburg’s at 11.7. The per capita income in Philipsburg in 2015 was $25,788, nearly $6000 more than Boulder’s per capita income of $18,845.

Those who made the trip to Philipsburg, among them Connie Grenz, returned with advice. “Boulder needs to know what is special about its particular area, its history and location, and tell the story of why people should come.” Failure to do that will allow naysayers to win, Grenz said.

The Sayrs building in Philipsburg gets some fresh paint on its lower level. The building is one of many in the community that helped it earned a “prettiest painted town” award.
Jan Anderson/Boulder Monitor

Other advice Grenz shared: find a banker with vision to support the effort; see the opportunities and be willing to take risks; advertise widely in all sorts of media; create a promotional website that works on a wide range of devices; take advantage of serendipity. Philipsburg entered a paint company contest that led to its declaration as a “prettiest painted town,” something that led to media coverage and became a bragging point in marketing the town; and know that enthusiasm can be contagious, but inertia is powerful.

While Boulder is really just at the beginning of the real work to rescue the town, one problem it appears to have overcome is “getting people off the couch.” According to the town’s Montana Main Street grant application, “over 21, 278 collective hours, or 10.2 years of volunteer investment, have moved Boulder” forward. “I think we are well positioned to do what we need to,” said Kirsch, a local business owner and county commissioner.

High Country News Classifieds
    Job Announcement: Environmental Justice Associate Announcement date: June 18, 2021 Applications will be reviewed on an ongoing basis and first review will begin: July 13,...
    Job Announcement: Communications Associate Announcement date: June 18, 2021 Applications will be reviewed on an ongoing basis and first review will begin: July 13, 2021...
    Colorado Wild Public Lands (COWPL), based in Basalt, is an exciting nonprofit working to keep public lands open and accessible. Our growing organization is seeking...
    High Country News, an award-winning media organization covering the communities and environment of the Western United States, seeks a part-time business support assistant to provide...
    The Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance (SUWA), Utah's largest conservation organization, has an immediate opening for a full-time Social Media and Digital Advertising Specialist. This position...
    Adjacent parcels above the Upper Sacramento river, near Dunsmuir. The smaller is just under 3 acres, with the larger at just under 15 acres. Multiple...
    Greater Yellowstone Coalition seeks a development professional to coordinate the organization's individual giving program. The position description is available at Please email a letter...
    The Wilderness Society is seeking a full time Idaho State Director who will preferably be based in Boise, Idaho. At least 8-10 years of experience...
    Conservation nonprofit Friends of Cedar Mesa in Bluff, Utah is hiring for two positions. We seek a Communications Manager to execute inspiring and impactful communications...
    Wilderness Volunteers Wilderness Volunteers (WV), a 24-year leader in preserving our nation's wildlands, is seeking a motivated person with deep outdoor interests to guide our...
    Hispanics Enjoying Camping, Hunting, and the Outdoors (HECHO) was created in 2013 to help fulfill our duty to conserve and protect our public lands for...
    Under the direct supervision of the Director of Shoshone-Paiute Tribe's Fish, Wildlife & Parks, in coordination with the Tribal Programs Administrator and the Tribal Chairman,...
    Founded in 1936, the National Wildlife Federation has grown into America's largest and most trusted grassroots conservation organization with 53 state/territorial affiliates and more than...
    STEWARDSHIP MANAGER Job Vacancy and Description Posted June 2, 2021: Open until filled The New Mexico Land Conservancy (NMLC) is a non-profit, regional land trust...
    KSJD is seeking a host/reporter. Please see for for more information. EEO compliant.
    Quiet, comfy house for rent in Bluff, Utah. Walk to San Juan River. Bike or hike to many nearby ruins and rock art sites. Beautiful...
    Come to Ketchikan and check out the Rain forest on the coast, Hike the shorelines, hug the big trees, watch deer in the muskeg meadows,...
    Start each month with a poem in your inbox by signing up for Taylor S. Winchell's monthly Poem+ Newsletter. No frills. No news. No politics....
    St. Lawrence University seeks to fill the position of Assistant Director in the Outdoor Program. To view the complete position description, including minimum qualifications required,...
    Yellowstone Llamas Successful Yellowstone NP concession Flexible packages