A quick guide to threatened terrestrial and freshwater species in your state

New rules would weaken protections for plants and animals listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act.

 

The Trump administration is proposing several changes to the way the Endangered Species Act is implemented that would weaken the rules governing protections. One change targets species newly listed as “threatened,” or those that are likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future. Under the new rules, the Fish and Wildlife Service will have to create individual regulations for each species based on its conservation needs, rather than simply extending the same level of protection that endangered species receive. Environmental groups worry this will strain the agency’s workload and put animals and plants at risk of extinction. While this change will not impact the species currently listed as threatened, any future additions to their ranks would be subject to the new rules.

Here are the 167 threatened species the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for overseeing in the West; this list does not include marine and anadromous species that are the sole responsibility of the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration:

AMPHIBIANS                    

California red-legged frog · Calif.
Chiricahua leopard frog · Ariz., N.M.
Oregon spotted frog · Calif., Ore., Wash.
California tiger salamander · Calif.
Yosemite toad · Calif.

BIRDS

Yellow-billed cuckoo · Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., N.M., Nev., Ore., Utah, Wash., Wyo.
Spectacled eider · Alaska 
Steller’s eider · Alaska
Coastal California gnatcatcher · Calif.
Streaked horned lark · Ore., Wash.
Red knot · Mont.
Marbled murrelet · Calif., Ore., Wash.
Mexican spotted owl · Ariz., Colo., N.M., Utah
Northern spotted owl · Calif., Ore., Wash.
Piping plover · Colo., Mont., N.M., Wyo.
Western snowy plover · Calif., Ore., Wash.
Gunnison sage grouse · Colo., Utah
San Clemente sage sparrow · Calif.
Inyo California towhee · Calif.

CRUSTACEANS                 

Vernal pool fairy shrimp · Calif., Ore.

CONIFERS AND CYCADS                  

Gowen cypress · Calif.
Santa Cruz cypress · Calif.

FISHES

Yaqui catfish · Ariz.
Chihuahua chub · N.M.
Hutton tui chub · Ore.
Sonora chub · Ariz.
Desert dace · Nev.
Foskett speckled dace · Ore.
Arkansas River shiner · N.M.
Beautiful shiner · Ariz., N.M.
Pecos bluntnose shiner · N.M.
Delta smelt · Calif.
Big Spring spinedace · Nev.
Little Colorado spinedance · Ariz.
Railroad Valley springfish · Nev.
Santa Ana sucker · Calif.
Warner sucker · Calif., Nev., Ore.
Apache trout · Ariz.
Bull trout · Idaho, Mont., Nev., Ore., Wash.
Gila trout · Ariz., N.M.
Greenback cutthroat trout · Colo., Utah
Lahontan cutthroat trout · Calif., Nev., Ore., Utah
Little Kern golden trout · Calif.
Paiute cutthroat trout · Calif.

INSECTS                                                  

Delta green ground beetle · Calif.
Valley elderberry longhorn beetle · Calif.
Bay checkerspot butterfly · Calif.
Oregon silverspot butterfly · Calif., Ore., Wash.
Kern primrose sphinx moth · Calif.
Ash Meadows naucorid · Nev.
Pawnee montane skipper · Colo.

MAMMALS

Northern long-eared bat · Mont., Wyo.
Grizzly bear · Idaho, Mont., Wash., Wyo.
Polar bear · Alaska
Wood bison · Alaska
Columbian white-tailed deer · Ore., Wash.
Santa Catalina Island fox · Calif.
Canada Lynx · Colo., Idaho, Mont., N.M., Ore., Utah, Wash., Wyo.
Preble’s meadow jumping mouse · Colo., Wyo.
Northern Sea Otter · Alaska
Southern sea otter · Calif.
Olympia pocket gopher · Wash.
Roy Prairie pocket gopher · Wash.
Tenino pocket gopher · Wash.
Yelm pocket gopher · Wash.
Utah prairie dog · Utah
Northern Idaho ground squirrel · Idaho

PLANTS

Purple amole · Calif.
Encinitas baccharis · Calif.
Parachute beardtongue · Colo.
Dudley bluffs bladderpod · Colo.
White bluffs bladderpod · Wash.
Ash meadows blazingstar · Nev.
Chinese Camp brodiaea · Calif.
Thread-leaved brodiaea · Calif.
Umtanum desert buckwheat · Wash.
Colorado butterfly plant · Colo., Wyo.
Layne’s butterweed · Calif.
Cochise pincushion cactus · Ariz.
Colorado hookless cactus · Colo.
Kuenzler hedgehog cactus · N.M.
Lee pincushion cactus · N.M.
Mesa Verde cactus · Colo., N.M.
Pariette cactus · Utah
Siler pincushion cactus · Ariz., Utah
Uinta Basin hookless cactus · Utah
Winkler cactus · Utah
Spalding’s catchfly · Idaho, Mont., Ore., Wash.
Vail Lake ceanothus · Calif.
Spring-loving centaury · Nev.
Nelson’s checker-mallow · Ore., Wash.
Springville clarkia · Calif.
Big-leaved crownbeard · Calif.
Jones cycladenia · Ariz., Utah
Parish’s daisy · Calif.
Conejo dudleya · Calif.
Marcescent dudleya · Calif.
Santa Cruz Island dudleya · Calif.
Santa Monica Mountains dudleyea · Calif.
Verity’s dudleya · Calif.
Marin dwarf-flax · Calif.
San Benito evening primrose · Calif.
Zuni fleabane · Ariz., N.M.
MacFarlane’s four-o’clock · Idaho, Ore.
Colusa grass · Calif.
Eureka dune grass · Calif.
Ash Meadows gumplant · Nev.
Water howellia · Calif., Idaho, Mont., Ore., Wash.
Ash Meadows ivesia · Nev.
Webber’s ivesia · Calif., Nev.
Ute ladies’-tresses · Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Utah, Wash., Wyo.
Laguna Beach liveforever · Calif.
San Clemente Island lotus · Calif.
Kincaid’s lupine · Ore., Wash.
Ione manzanita · Calif.
Morro manzanita · Calif.
Pallid manzanita · Calif.
Tiburon mariposa lily · Calif.
Ash Meadows milk-vetch · Nev.
Fish Slough milk-vetch · Calif.
Heliotrope milk-vetch · Utah
Peirson’s milk-vetch · Calif.
Welsh’s milkweed · Ariz., Utah
Penland Alpine fen mustard · Colo.
Spreading navarretia · Calif.
Western prairie fringed orchid · Colo., Wyo.
San Joaquin orcutt grass · Calif.
Slender orcutt grass · Calif., Ore.
Fleshy owl’s-clover · Calif.
Ash-grey paintbrush · Calif.
Golden paintbrush · Ore., Wash.
San Clemente Island paintbrush · Calif.
Slickspot peppergrass · Idaho
DeBeque phacelia · Colo.
Maguire primrose · Utah
Mariposa pussypaws · Calif.
San Francisco Peaks ragwort · Ariz.
Clay reed-mustard · Utah
Island rush-rose · Calif.
Bear Valley sandwort · Calif.
Navajo sedge · Ariz., Utah
Monterey spineflower · Calif.
Hoover’s spurge · Calif.
San Joaquin adobe sunburst · Calif.
Pecos sunflower · N.M.
Ash Meadows sunray · Calif., Nev.
Otay tarplant · Calif.
Santa Cruz tarplant · Calif.
Howell’s spectacular thelypody · Ore.
Sacramento Mountains thistle · N.M.
San Diego thornmint · Calif.
Last Chance townsendia · Utah
Dudley bluffs twinpod · Colo.
Red Hills vervain · Calif.
Gypsum wild-buckwheat · N.M.
Southern mountain wild-buckwheat · Calif.
Desert yellowhead · Wyo.

REPTILES

Narrow-headed gartersnake · Ariz., N.M.
Northern Mexican gartersnake · Ariz., N.M.
Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizard · Calif.
New Mexican ridge-nosed rattlesnake · Ariz., N.M.
Olive Ridley sea turtle · Calif., Ore.
Giant garter snake · Calif.
Desert tortoise · Ariz., Calif., Nev., Utah
Alameda whipsnake · Calif.

SNAILS

Bliss Rapids snail · Idaho
San Bernardino springsnail · Ariz.

 

Note: This story has been updated to add the northern spotted owl, San Ana sucker, Arkansas River shiner, gypsum wild-buckwheat and southern sea otter; and to reflect that the Little Colorado Spinedace is found in Arizona, the Oregon spotted frog is found in Washington, the bull trout is found in Montana, the Warner sucker is found in California and Nevada, the piping plover is found in New Mexico, and that the Canada lynx is threatened in New Mexico but not Alaska. Spelling errors have also been corrected. Seals have been removed from this list, which reflects U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service data; it does not include species solely overseen by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Helen Santoro and Jolene Yazzie are editorial interns at High Country News. Email them at [email protected] and [email protected] or submit a letter to the editor 

High Country News Classifieds
  • OPERATIONS DIRECTOR
    We are a Santa Fe-based nonprofit that builds resilience on arid working lands. We foster ecological, economic, and social health through education, innovation, and collaboration....
  • COMMUNITY ORGANIZER
    Come work alongside everyday Montanans to project our clean air, water, and build thriving communities! Competitive salary, health insurance, pension, generous vacation time and sabbatical....
  • CAMPAIGN MANAGER
    Oregon Natural Desert Association (ONDA), a nonprofit conservation organization dedicated to protecting, defending and restoring Oregon's high desert, seeks a Campaign Manager to works as...
  • HECHO DEPUTY DIRECTOR
    Hispanics Enjoying Camping, Hunting, and the Outdoors (HECHO) was created in 2013 to help fulfill our duty to conserve and protect our public lands for...
  • REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE, COLUMBIA CASCADES
    The Regional Representative serves as PCTA's primary staff on the ground along the trail working closely with staff, volunteers, and nonprofit and agency partners. This...
  • FINANCE AND OPERATIONS DIRECTOR
    The Montana Land Reliance (MLR) seeks a full-time Finance and Operations Director to manage the internal functions of MLR and its nonprofit affiliates. Key areas...
  • DIRECTOR OF CONSERVATION
    The Nature Conservancy is recruiting for a Director of Conservation. Provides strategic leadership and support for all of the Conservancy's conservation work in Arizona. The...
  • EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
    The Amargosa Conservancy (AC), a conservation nonprofit dedicated to standing up for water and biodiversity in the Death Valley region, seeks an executive director to...
  • BIG BASIN SENIOR PROJECT PLANNER - CLIMATE ADAPTATION & RESILIENCE
    Parks California Big Basin Senior Project Planner - Climate Adaptation & Resilience ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND Parks California is a new organization working to ensure that our...
  • CUSTOMER SERVICE ASSISTANT - (PART-TIME)
    High Country News, an award-winning media organization covering the communities and environment of the Western United States, seeks a part-time Customer Service Assistant, based at...
  • SCIENCE PROJECT MANAGER
    About Long Live the Kings (LLTK) Our mission is to restore wild salmon and steelhead and support sustainable fishing in the Pacific Northwest. Since 1986,...
  • HUMAN RESOURCES GENERALIST
    Honor the Earth is an affirmative action/equal opportunity employer and does not discriminate based on identity. Indigenous people, people of color, Two-Spirit or LGBTQA+ people,...
  • DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR
    Colorado Trout Unlimited seeks an individual with successful development experience, strong interpersonal skills, and a deep commitment to coldwater conservation to serve as the organization's...
  • NEW BOOK BY AWARD-WINNING WILDLIFE BIOLOGIST, BRUCE SMITH
    In a perilous place at the roof of the world, an orphaned mountain goat is rescued from certain death by a mysterious raven.This middle-grade novel,...
  • DESCHUTES LAND TRUST VOLUNTEER PROGRAM MANAGER
    The Deschutes Land Trust is seeking an experienced Volunteer Program Manager to join its dedicated team! Deschutes Land Trust conserves and cares for the lands...
  • PROGRAM DIRECTOR
    Now hiring a full-time, remote Program Director for the Society for Wilderness Stewardship! Come help us promote excellence in the professional practice of wilderness stewardship,...
  • WYOMING COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS COORDINATOR
    The Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership is seeking Coordinator to implement public education and advocacy campaigns in the Cowboy State to unite and amplify hunter, angler,...
  • MOUNTAIN LOTS FOR SALE
    Multiple lots in gated community only 5 miles from Great Sand Dunes National Park. Seasonal flowing streams. Year round road maintenance.
  • RURAL ACREAGE OUTSIDE SILVER CITY, NM
    Country living just minutes from town! 20 acres with great views makes a perfect spot for your custom home. Nice oaks and juniper. Cassie Carver,...
  • A FIVE STAR FOREST SETTING WITH SECLUSION AND SEPARATENESS
    This home is for a discerning buyer in search of a forest setting of premier seclusion & separateness. Surrounded on all sides by USFS land...