A novel solution to the drug problem

  • Rich Wandschneider

 

A cop friend told me not long ago that he had changed his mind completely on the idea of legalizing drugs. His current take: "Legalize everything but meth and hang the meth-pushers" -- or something close to that.

We were talking about a kid we both had known back in the day, a kid who had had some problems, but skated along at the edge of the law, made it through school and even had some jobs. Then he got hooked on methamphetamine. He was in prison at the time.

Whether legal or illegal, drugs alter the way people think and the way they behave, my friend said. Meth, however, does something worse: It completely transforms its users into something else, loosening whatever anchors of conscience and humanity they have.

"Regulate drugs as legal products, tax them, make them unattractive for criminals, and let us go after the bad guys running the meth business," he said. All these other illegal drugs -- from pot to heroin -- create huge profit centers, and the law enforcement community spends a great deal of time and energy chasing the criminals who exploit them, leaving no time for pursuing meth dealers. Witness two big marijuana-growing busts in Wallowa County last summer and the local and state effort that went into the busts.

The illegal status of pot makes criminals out of ordinary people who think drug laws are stupid and should be ignored, if not exploited. Remember Prohibition, where backyard stills, wineries and breweries made criminals of many rural people, and big-time criminals made fortunes running alcohol across the borders of Canada and Mexico.

When I suggested that the big mountain to climb in legalizing drugs (except for meth) would be the alcohol and tobacco lobbies, my friend the policeman agreed.

And don't forget the "prison lobby," another friend, Ben Butzein, added later. Ben was a drug user in the 1960s, and spent time in prison for it. On his release, he hooked up with an outfit in Portland, Ore., called "Better People," which helps ex-cons get their lives back together. Ben was a fine example: He got his own life together, became a fine cabinetmaker and sometime poet, and was a part-time resident of Wallowa County in eastern Oregon.

He also fought for prison reform and for the rehabilitation of prisoners, a stance that had him battling the prison lobby. I wish I had Ben to talk to -- he passed away a few years ago -- or even one of the letters he wrote to the Oregonian. But I remember him talking and writing passionately about the prison builders and the corporate owners and their lobbies -- private prisons were then a fast-growing industry -- and how they influenced drug and prison reform.

Maybe the prison lobby has quieted down, but I doubt it. Alcohol and tobacco industries and their lobbies must still have their thumbs in any debate about legalizing currently illegal drugs. And I doubt that the associations of prison guards and the attorneys and wardens who make a living making sure that our country incarcerates more of its citizens than any other "developed" country in the world, are staying quiet.  I imagine that the drug cartels in Mexico would also not favor legalizing any of the drugs they sell so well in our country. Ditto for the builders of border fences and surveillance systems; isn't it amazing that fences on the Canadian border have been proposed?

Meanwhile, we continue to smoke and drink legally, and then we deal with the health and crime problems these drugs generate. We continue to make normal folks into criminals over drugs that could be regulated and taxed and dealt with as we deal with alcohol. We continue to spend law enforcement time and energy chasing after the bad guys attracted to the business -- the heirs to the Prohibition era's Capones. And we spend more and more money on a war on drugs that we cannot win.

We also continue to watch as weapons and drugs are shipped across our southern border, as gangster wars erupt among the cartels and the dead and dying operatives who keep border violence raging across Mexico. No vacationing now in Acapulco!

And the meth guys? They are still out there, cooking their poisons in small towns and large, running their stuff across state and national boundaries, fueling crimes from theft to murder, filling prisons and treatment programs, and giving the overburdened law enforcement community more than full-time employment.

Rich Wandschneider is a contributor to Writers on the Range, a service of High Country News (hcn.org). He writes in Joseph, Oregon.

Clifford Schaffer
Clifford Schaffer
Jan 04, 2012 09:28 PM
I commend you on your conclusions, but there is one more thing to think about.

If you go to http://druglibrary.org/schaffer and look under Major Studies of Drugs and Drug Policy, you will find the full text of every major government commission on the drug problem from around the world over the last 100 years. You can read all of them at your leisure but the bottom line is that they pretty much agree with you.

However, one makes an important point: The more dangerous you assume a drug to be, the more important it becomes to treat it in a non-criminal manner.

This applies even with meth. The reason is that making the drug a crime only drives the problems underground where it is harder for ordinary social services to deal with them. With any drug, there are only three possible choices for who will control the market, make all the rules for production and sales, and get all the money. Those choices are:

1) Government, with proper regulations and taxes to address social issues.
2) Private business, with proper regulations and taxes to address social issues.
3) Organized crime, with no regulations or taxes to address social problems.

Those are the choices. Take your pick as to which one you think will give us the most control.

Just FYI, meth (like the other drugs) only became a major problem after it was outlawed. The common factor behind all these drug problems is that the problems increased dramatically when the drugs were prohibited.

You can read an excellent history of the subject in Licit and Illicit Drugs by the Editors of Consumer Reports at http://druglibrary.org/[…]/cumenu.htm

You will especially want to read the chapter titled "How Speed Was Popularized." It tells the story of how a minor drug problem became a major one.

For further information on how we got into this mess, see the numerous histories by different authors and the hundreds of original historical documents at http://druglibrary.org/schaffer/History/history.htm
Clifford Schaffer
Clifford Schaffer
Jan 04, 2012 09:37 PM
BTW, just to keep things in perspective about the real drug problem, here are the approximate number of deaths caused by drugs in the US in a typical year:

Tobacco - 400,000
Cheeseburgers (obesity) - 350,000
Alcohol - 100,000
Prescription drugs - 100,000
All the illegal drugs combined, from all related causes - 20,000
Cocaine - 5,000
Meth - 5,000
Heroin - 3,000
Aspirin/Tylenol - 3,000
Water overdoses (drinking too much, not drowning) - 100
Marijuana - 0

In short, alcohol and tobacco kill more people every year than all the people killed by all the illegal drugs in the last few decades. Any modern teenager is at least 25 times as likely to wind up dying from the effects of alcohol or tobacco than from any illegal drug.

As for drug-induced violence, according to the US DOJ, alcohol is the ONLY drug with any real connection to drug-induced violence. See "Psychoactive Substances and Violence," US DOJ, Feb. 1994 at http://druglibrary.org/schaffer/govpubs/psycviol.htm

I certainly agree with you that meth users are some of the most annoying people on the planet. However, the raw numbers show that meth is far from the leader in dangers to society.