October 28, 1996
The use of initiatives and referenda - direct democracy - to change the law for environmental reasons faces a challenge when big money enters the picture.
The Oregon Clean Streams Initiative, if passed, would enact the toughest grazing restrictions in the West in an attempt to keep cattle from fouling the waters.
Montana's Clean Water Initiative arouses fierce industry protest with its plan to keep long-lived hardrock mining wastes out of the water.
Idaho's Proposition 3 would void Gov. Phil Batt's deal to bring some nuclear waste into the state and would require that all such agreements in the future have citizen approval.
A provision in the spending bill allows the Endangered Species Act and the National Environmental Policy Act to be waived for border projects such as fences - which could harm endangered species.
Utah county commissioners in San Juan, Garfield and Kane counties bulldoze illegal roads into BLM and Park Service lands, including wilderness study areas and the new Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument.
One-third of Grand Canyon air-tour operators are breaking the law by not reporting flights or paying required fees.
Oregon Caves National Monument says the surrounding Siskiyou National Forest is injuring the caves by logging, mining and grazing.
In Oregon, Judge Ancer Haggerty says all applications for grazing permits need to be reviewed to see if the grazing would pollute state water.