An Unusual Miss Navajo

  • Former Miss Navajo Radmilla Cody, right, with her sister Jamie, at the family home in Grand Falls, Arizona.

    Diego James Robles
  • Artist and photographer Jetsonorama wheat-pasted an image of Radmilla Cody from her Miss Navajo days at the old Cow Springs Trading Post last summer.

  • Radmilla Cody at home on the Navajo Reservation.

    Diego James Robles
  • Cody visiting a school in Crownpoint during her reign.

  • Radmilla Cody's sister Jamie.

    Diego James Robles
  • Radmilla Cody's mother Margaret.

    Diego James Robles
  • Radmilla Cody's grandmother Dorothy with Radmilla, whom she raised in the Navajo way.

    Diego James Robles
  • Radmilla Cody in a field on the Navajo Nation

    Diego James Robles

Grand Falls, Arizona
Radmilla Cody knows the way home. It's not an easy journey. The dirt roads are canoe-shaped and gouged by rain. They curl around hills and plunge into deep draws, finally bringing us to the family homestead near Grand Falls, on the Navajo Reservation.

Cody grew up on these lonesome sage flats. Her Navajo mother, Margaret, took off to Georgia shortly after giving birth to Cody at age 18. Her father, Troy Davis, was a 43-year-old black man who worked as a driver for a Ford dealer in Flagstaff. Her grandmother, Dorothy, raised her the Navajo way.

Out here, without running water or electricity, Cody learned rug-weaving and sheepherding, and began to sing -- first to the sheep in the corrals, then, at the age of 7, in her grandmother's Christian church. In junior high, at Leupp Boarding School, she decided to make a career of it, influenced by her Uncle Herman, a musician, and her grandfather, Archie Cody, a medicine man.

She needed all her Navajo skills to win the title of Miss Navajo in 1997, at age 22 -- the reservation's first bi-racial beauty queen. Then her life took a sharp downward turn. She became entangled in an abusive relationship with a drug dealer and ended up in federal prison.

In 2004, after her release, she came back here for a ceremony to cleanse her spirit of that painful experience, seeking to free herself from the shadow of domestic violence. Now, she's back again, on this overcast morning in July, to touch her roots and share her story with a journalist. Some of the talk is about a recently completed documentary titled Hearing Radmilla, made by Angela Webb, a substitute teacher in Burbank, Calif. It takes a tough-minded look at Navajo racism and Cody's personal struggle.

"I have to keep moving forward," Cody says, "because that's how change happens."

On the front porch, we wade through chickens to reach Cody's grandmother's kitchen, where Cody begins making a Navajo breakfast (heavy on bacon), dressed in Nike running shorts and a sleeveless blouse, her hair tied back.

The arrival of a half-black baby didn't sit well with some in her family, Cody recalls. They warned that she'd be an outcast and a source of shame to her family, never accepted or loved on a reservation where, at least for some, old ideas still held. Classmates tormented her, pushing her to tears, and even some of her uncles echoed the treatment.

"It came out when they were drunk," she says. "I remember sitting at the table and Uncle Elmer hitting me on the head with a spoon and calling me a black pig."

In the film, recalling how he treated his baby niece, her Uncle Marcus says: "This is what I thought: 'What's this fucking n--- doing here?' "

Steve Snyder
Steve Snyder says:
Mar 08, 2011 01:14 AM
I find the comments of older Navajos on her ethnicity interesting but certainly not surprising. That said, there's a fair number of Navajos with either Ute or Hopi bloodlines. And, among other American Indian tribes, famed Cherokee chief John Ross was more than half white by bloodline.
D Fulmore
D Fulmore says:
Mar 08, 2011 09:42 AM
I have read several articles about Miss Cody and her story, and all seem to paint the African-American in a very negative vain. Though this may be her personal experience with her father and choice of partner, this should not be taken as a "given" for the people of the African American community. I am also mixed blood and have a loving and kind African American father who adores me, my mother and my siblings. Perhaps the Navajo community who treated Miss Cody with such prejudice and disgusting racism made her feel ugly inside, enough to attract some of the ugly people in the Black community. There are ugly spirited people in ALL communities, no matter the color of one's skin. Hopefully Miss Cody will not fall into the ignorances and hold onto her negative experiences with only 2 Black people and not judge an entire community by a couple of bad apples.
Loretta Griffin
Loretta Griffin says:
Apr 08, 2011 09:01 PM
The racism that some Navajos displayed is sad. Years ago many Tribes had black slaves and when the slaves were freed those Tribes allowed these slaves to become members of the Tribe. Today there are numerous Blacks who are members of these Tribes.
Steve Snyder
Steve Snyder says:
Apr 08, 2011 10:29 PM
Loretta, not totally true. Google "Black Cherokees" and you'll find African-Americans officially excluded from the modern rolls of a slaveholding tribe.
Posr Posr
Posr Posr says:
Jun 11, 2013 04:56 PM
No one will free and empower the African or the African's descendants but the African or the African's descendants. The vast majority of the entire world is anti-African. Africans born here actually are owed some part of the United States that we control in the same manner as the Native Nations control. The Cherokee case link below says it all.[…]/Cherokee_freedmen_controversy#Current_issues