Amid all the hoopla about grazing reform, the Bureau of Land Management raised its monthly grazing fees by 12 cents, up to $1.98 per cow-calf pair. Each year the agency adjusts the price from a 1966 base price to reflect lease rates on private land, cattle prices and livestock production costs. Last year the agency collected $17.5 million for grazing on its 270 million acres and posted half of this income for projects to improve the range. The remainder went to the U.S. Treasury and state governments. Meanwhile, on private lands, BLM officials say each cow-calf pair grazes for an average price of $10.20 per month.