Walking on a Wire

Los Angeles needs green power. Does it have to tear up the desert to get it?

  • Electric transmission lines near Richvale, California. DAVID R. FRAZIER/DANITA DELIMONT AGENCY/DRR.NET

  • H. David Nahai says the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power "agonize(s) all the time" about the effects of new transmission lines through the desert. KEVIN SCANLON

  • In the path of powerlines? An endangered desert tortoise. PHOTO COURTESY DONNA THOMAS, CALIFORNIA DESERT COALITION


  • April Sall is interviewed while California Desert Coalition members protest the Green Path North Route in January. PHOTO COURTESY DONNA THOMAS, CALIFORNIA DESERT COALITION


One hundred and fifty miles east of the city of Los Angeles, the Mojave and Colorado deserts converge in towering granite rock formations and strange succulent plants -- Joshua trees raising their arms to heaven like ancient prophets. From Interstate 10, everything looks brown and barren, but oases of spring-fed green hide a little ways in, with just enough water to sustain several hundred species of birds, lizards, bugs, bobcats, desert tortoise and a ragged herd of peninsular bighorn sheep.

Austin Puglisi had planned to build his dream home here. Not your typical desert dream home, the one with the high fence to protect it from wind and the irrigated lawn to mimic the lush Midwest. Puglisi wanted to build a tiny shack and set the rest of his 54-acre parcel aside for wildlife. He would use only local water and recycle it into the aquifer. He would get off the grid and live far from its influence. So it came as a shock, one day last winter, when Puglisi discovered that the grid was coming to him.

On federal land just a few yards from the boundary of his property, Puglisi spotted a bright orange stake marking the spot where a metal disk had been anchored in the ground with concrete. Engraved on the disk were the words, "Los Angeles Department of Water and Power."

"From what I could tell," says the 47-year-old Puglisi, "it looked like some kind of utility project was either going right through my land or on the ridge right above it."

Puglisi was flabbergasted. "We had just secured our building permit," he says. "We had put in our solar-powered well. Now it looks like we have to put the whole thing on hold."

His neighbors were finding similar clues in other places. Unfamiliar trucks were lumbering across the Kickapoo Trail through the Big Morongo Canyon Preserve; helicopters were landing on the boundaries of birdwatchers' desert hideaways. The men who emerged from the trucks and helicopters cheerfully identified themselves as surveyors for the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, and handed out fliers detailing plans for their brand-new renewable electricity transmission project, the Green Path North.

In some circles, this was awfully good news. The LADWP had begun planning the Green Path North three years ago, in part to access carbon-free, always-on power from geothermal fields in the Imperial Valley near the Salton Sea, 180 miles away. The utility appeared to be moving ahead aggressively on renewable-energy transmission -- and that meant it might soon deliver on its long-stalled promise to bring green power to its 4 million customers, who currently rely on coal burned out of state for close to half their electricity.

"The LADWP wants to be a leader in the field of renewable energy," affirmed the utility's new general manager and CEO, H. David Nahai, shortly after he moved from the utility's board of commissioners to its executive branch in December. And a significant piece of that effort, he said, will be "building the transmission to bring it home."

But for Puglisi, who also volunteers with several desert conservancies, the markers signaled a new threat to a landscape that local environmentalists had long worked to preserve. Small nonprofits like The Wildlands Conservancy and the Mojave Desert Land Trust have spent years cobbling together private and public funds to buy up hundreds of thousands of acres of the Mojave, preserving them for marginal species like the fringe-toed lizard and the endangered peninsular bighorn sheep. If the survey markers indicated anything, it was that 85 miles of 160-foot-tall steel towers, occupying a footprint 330 feet wide and buzzing with 500 kilovolt wires, would soon be cutting across the path those sheep use to get to their only source of summer water.

Worried calls to the utility invariably met with the same response: No route had been decided upon, and any discussion with the community over the transmission project would be premature. The utility confirms only that the Green Path North has to extend south from the desert town of Hesperia to a substation near Palm Springs, where it will link up with existing transmission to the Salton Sea and Arizona's Palo Verde nuclear plant. It could do that via any of six different routes, including one down the Interstate 10 freeway corridor, which would expand a right of way owned by another California utility, Southern California Edison, and require the condemnation of 3,500 properties.

Jun 06, 2008 02:40 PM

Excellent article. The Sunrise Powerlink really is a sham geared to bring power from polluting power plants in Mexicali northward. While it's being advertised as providing power for San Diego, the ultimate goal is to go all the way to the Los Angeles market. Fortunately, there's a great alternative plan for San Diego that reduces the metro area's energy-related carbon footprint by 50%, without destructive transmission lines. It's called San Diego Smart Energy 2020 (www.sdsmartenergy.org), and it could be used as a blueprint for other cities with plenty of sun.

As for Green Path North, it just seems obvious it should go right along Interstate 10. Hesperia is far out of the way of any route from Imperial Valley to Los Angeles.

Jun 14, 2008 11:42 PM

Thanks for the lengthy article on the Green project to bring in geothermal to the LA power grid. You mentioned the 'other' project briefly, the Powerlink in San Diego (David Hogan was quoted), but this project has a lot of grass roots opposition, and the CPUC will issue a final ruling later this summer/early fall. The cost benefit analysis keeps being revised lower, and lower, and the power source for these massive transmission lines Sempra Energy (San Diego Gas & Electric) wants to string through Anza Borrego Desert State Park (can you believe that?!) and scenic, tourism-dependent rural San Diego County "Backcountry" towns is purported to included dirty coal plants in Mexicali, Baja California. See the feature article in the San Diego Reader on the Powerlink about two weeks ago. HCN, it'd be great if you'd task a reporter to cover the Powerlink issue, especially as the CPUC gets ready for its ruling.


Concerned San Diego residents 



Jun 18, 2008 11:31 AM

What a great article on the Green path projects. I would like to express my thanks to April Sall, Donna Thomas and the C.D.C and everyone who has supported the fight to save our (everyone not just desert residents) desert. Because this land is to be for all of us, for the visitors that haven't seen this desert beauty, for generation to come, it needs to be here for all to see! For if we really care about this earth then we will find a way to live on this plant without the destruction of it. I believe that our decision makers (althought they would never admit to it) are all about, $$$$, power and greed. People we are in a  self-destruction mode! If every one of us doesn't make a change,(REALLL Soon!) a change to love one another and this plant that we call home. Then we all can just kiss this big green and blue plant Good-Bye, forever! So here is my 2 cents to all the higher-ups who make the decisions for the people of earth. Do the right thing for the people, the earth, your families, forget about if you'll be elected next year or if this group or that group donated a bunch of $ to your cause, forget about the $$$$ because what good is that $ going to do you when there is no more you?...............................and me!!!!!!!!!!        From: S.O.D sign designer, supporter of the Stop Green Path North project and proud onwer of a piece of this earth, Laura Harris/Robert Salyers 

reid walters
reid walters
Sep 23, 2008 05:56 AM
I will now resubscribe to the HCN. Anza-borrego and the powerlink, to me, are the most pressing issues in the desert Southwest. This desert must be preserved.
Reid Walters