First fatal wolf attack recorded in North America?

  Conservationists have long assuaged the public’s fear of wolves by saying that there have been no documented instances of a healthy wild wolf killing a human being in North America. Until now, that is.

On Nov. 8, a search party found the partially consumed body of 22-year-old Kenton Joel Carnegie in the woods of northern Saskatchewan. Carnegie had gone for a walk and didn’t return to the surveyors camp where he was working.

Paul Paquet, a University of Calgary ecologist who investigated the case, says a recent increase in energy development has drawn more people to the remote area and left it peppered with open garbage dumps. Four wolves fed regularly at a nearby dump and had lost their natural fear of people.

Those wolves are the most likely culprits, and at least three have been killed. But investigators have not yet ruled out the possibility of a bear attack.

To prevent wolves from becoming accustomed to humans, Paquet advises securing any food left in dumps or campsites. People should stay at least 100 yards from wolves, he says.

In the United States, there are some open dumps in wolf country, says Fish and Wildlife Service wolf recovery coordinator Ed Bangs. But, he adds, many people already bear-proof their garbage, and authorities haze overly bold wolves with noise-making "cracker shells" and rubber bullets.

Given that a handful of fatal wolf attacks have been recorded in India and Europe, experts say such an attack in North America has always been a possibility. But the odds are extraordinarily low, points out L. David Mech, a leading wolf biologist: "Wolves are still not any more dangerous than they ever were."

Anonymous says:
Apr 24, 2007 10:39 AM

wolves are dangeruos they shuold be hunted down

Anonymous says:
Apr 12, 2009 04:52 AM
People are dangerous too but you don't hear a call for shooting them. Why are wolves any different?
Anonymous says:
Sep 17, 2009 11:57 PM
Just the kind of ignorant comment that shows the lack of education of the commenter. Notice the misspellings of both dangerous and should! Underlines the continuing need for educating the public about the real story of the "Big- Not So- Bad Wolf."
For those with more worldly experience and education killing all wolves, as we mostly did early in the 20th century, is clearly NOT THE ANSWER!
Anonymous says:
Nov 07, 2009 08:24 PM
You shouldnt kill the wolves. They are kind animals as long as you dont come near them or hurt them(hunting). Its wrong.
Anonymous says:
Sep 21, 2010 09:32 PM
 I am a very open minded person and even though I am a member of the hunting community I dont believe all dangerous animals need killed. On the other hand wolves have grown to start to become a major problem. So as I make the next statement I don't want to hear how I think all animals should be killed. When wolves are attacking hunting dogs that aren't hunting them and killing them then I think there should at least be an open season on them. Take a look at these photos of these dogs that were killed by wolves and tell me that you think they still shouldn't be killed. The first website is from a coon hunt in Minnesota.[…]php?s=&threadid=377449.

The second one is very graphic and you need to think twice before opening[…]hp?s=&threadid=325714.. I hope that these will change some of your minds about these harmless animals
Anonymous says:
Oct 17, 2010 09:57 PM
both pictures are of the same dog, check the leaf between the hind legs.
Anonymous says:
Dec 10, 2010 05:47 PM
I am an animal lover and I have pets. I do NOT see how open season on wolves would be a solution to any wolf problem. Wolves do not like dogs and if you hunt with dogs you know the risk you are taking when you go hunting. Wolves, bears, mountain lions, and any other predator animal will attack anything they see as threatening. So are you going to declare open season on all predator animals? Unless you can actually find the pack that killed your dogs (which is what I would want to do) or killed livestock, killing wolves is pointless.
Anonymous says:
Mar 09, 2010 10:03 PM
Your damn right these suchers are dangerious!
Wolves have been a problem since day one...
Still it will take ten years of trouble before
humanity can face this fact. youtube matthalamew
Anonymous says:
May 18, 2010 07:42 AM
i agree with matthlemew because wolves are a problem and always will be. they eat our deer and here in uptown we dont enjoy that. deer hunting is a way our econemy is focused on. wolves should be hunted down! whos with me
Anonymous says:
Oct 18, 2010 12:07 PM
OUR DEER?! how dare you say that we own the deer or the wolves or anything in this world for that matter! we & every thing else in this world are all part of a whole that works perfectly on its own! in fact humans' bloated egos & ideas of "ownership" are whats destroying this world how blind & small-minded of a thing to say!!!!!
Anonymous says:
Nov 07, 2010 08:24 PM
Jen - October 18 post - Educate yourself. In fact most of the posts listed here are uneducated assumptions of the wolf controversy. Wolves can and will become dangerous if not managed. Very much so like the Mountain Lion - which has locally mauled children and become problematic.

Wolves in this day and age require management at the state level to control thier population - why you might ask. A number of reasons.

1st - for thier own benefit. Overpopulation of any species is the demise of that species. Soon pack members will overtake genetically superior alpha wolves, as is the case with the original druid pack reintroduced to the Yellowstone country.

2nd - Healthy wolf populations that are managed can live in concert with other wildlife species...such as elk, and deer.

THe general public needs to open thier eyes and realize that wolves, do in fact kill for sport, rather than survival. look at case studies throughout the mountain states and take heed to local accounts of several communities in Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and most recently Oregon and Washington.

Realize that the wolf was never "gone" from these territories, but rather lived in self controled populations, thus was never problematic.

Please don't be ignorant, and assume that the commenter meant "our deer". This is usually taken out of context, in reference to sportsman/outdoorsman.
Anonymous says:
Dec 10, 2010 05:56 PM
Way to go Jen. Man wants to take ownership of everything and kill off anything that does not comply. The Earth and all it's creatures belong to the Creator (God) people. I think man needs to get their heads out of their butts and realize that it's not up to them to decide who stays and who goes.
Anonymous says:
Jun 01, 2010 06:15 PM
Do you realize that we attack them, unprovoked, more than than they attack us unprovoked? We destroy their territory, force them closer to us. If they're closer, of course there will be more attacks. It's instinct for a wolf to attack if he's afraid you're going to kill him. It isnt their fault, it's ours.
Anonymous says:
Sep 25, 2007 01:19 PM

No one can prove that this was a wolf attack. Yes it is tragic what happened to this boy but there is no proof. Many will just blame wolves because they are afraid of them. They don't fear the actual wolf, they just fear what they can't understand. There are more reported (accurate) bear attacks than those made by wolves. If more people are getting killed by bears than wolves, then why were the wolves the ones who were hunted down for being "cold blooded dangerous killers"? Wouldn't bears make more sense, according to the facts? But overall, neither bears nor wolves should be hunted down for these attacks. It's in their nature as much as it is the nature of cats to catch a mouse or a dog to bark at a stranger. We can't change the laws of the wild. So instead, it seems, people are trying to tame the wild all together. It will never work.

Anonymous says:
Feb 20, 2009 02:43 AM
I dunno, the fact that they found human remains and clothing IN the stomachs of the deceased wolves might be a hint...since so many other forest animals wear clothing...

Wolves were killing people before they could write, and have been killing them since. Only the fact that they were more-or-less eradicated from the lower 48 states cut back the opportunities available. In Alaska they have a phrase for those who are taken by animals, whether by bear or wolf..."Gone Missing".

And lest we forget and think that nobody has been killed in 100 years, please remember that on Thursday 18. April 1996, Ms. Patricia Wyman, 24 years old, was attacked and killed by five adult North American grey wolves (Canis lupus ssp.) near Haliburton, Ontario.

There are more, but I'm not going to eat up the whole page posting them.
Anonymous says:
Mar 16, 2010 10:23 PM
Oh you Irish....

You folk speak so truely~~!
The wolves are a true problem yet non can see but who were given eyes...
Least yeh not be far from me let me know yea mind...
Anonymous says:
Sep 22, 2010 09:13 AM
Get your facts strait!

The woman who was killed in Haliburton, Ontario was a (not very bright) biologist. She was visiting a wolf sanctuary, part of the Haliburton Forest complex. The captive wolf pack live in an enclosed area, perhaps 20 acres, and are sometimes viewable from inside an observation building, which has one-way glass windows. The animals are not accustomed to human contact, at all. The unfortunate biologist was warned, repeatedly, by the folks who run the place, not to enter the enclosure while the animals were feeding. She arrogantly ignored that advice, and was indeed bitten by several of the captive wolves. She was not torn to shreds, she was bitten, and bitten on an artery that caused her to bleed to death before she reached the hospital about 20 miles from the sanctuary. It was her own damned fault, and everyone up there knows it.

Not only is it disturbing to read such pathetic distortions and lies about "dangerous" wolves here, it is also rather eye-opening that so many of you apparently can't spell, or write a complete sentence, to save your lives. Illiteracy does not necessarily indicate a lack of intelligence, so I'm not being a snob about this. It's just downright embarrassing to read your moronic comments, written so badly.

No animal is more dangerous than a human being. An aggressive, stupid, well-armed one is most dangerous of all.

The pathetic idea that we as humans have "dominion" over our fellow animals is the root of the problem here. Contrary to what the priests, politicians, mullahs and rabbis - and especially ranchers - will tell you, life on Earth is not organized like a pyramid, with people on top, magically entitled to dominate every other critter, tree, plant, bug, rock, river, etc. Life on earth is a web, with millions upon millions of strands, and what we do to every strand, we ultimately do to ourselves.

Wake up, folks. Wolves have a right to be here, whether they are cute, cuddly, useful, edible, nasty, nice, or none of the above.

We are not the "Crown of Creation." We are not even the Crown of the food chain.
Anonymous says:
Jan 09, 2011 06:54 PM
Is it possible that its just natural for humans to kill or destroy what ever may threaten them or put in harms way since humans are the most intelligent and on top of the food chain? I would bet if the wolves where in our shoes they wouldn't put up with us. Just sayin...
Anonymous says:
Nov 12, 2007 12:26 PM

No wolfes should not be hunted down and killed! They are wild animals and they hunt to live if we invade their teritory and expect them to just keep retreating then we're stupid and any person that goes into the wild and does not know how to survive in their enviroment in just as likely to die a victim as a soldier that goes into a war zone with no training, We set up wildlife preserves and expect the animals to stay on them just like we expect our domesticated animals to stay on an unfenced yard do we kill our pet dogs for going outside our yards? no because it's in their nature to wonder and explore their enviroment. So if your going into the woods be smart take the right precautions and leave the wild animals alone don't feed them or try to pet them they are not PETS they are WILD and they KILL to survive if you mess with them then you are most likely going to get killed or set them up to kill someone else because now they don't fear humans because you treated them like a pet. I live in Colorado and camp in the mountains at least 2 or 3 times a month and I know the area I camp in is in mountain lion teritory cause I've seen one in the area several times and all I do is ignore her but I stay constantly aware of were she is when she's around and when she get to close I fire my handgun into the ground this scares her away and she has never molested me in the 5 years I've camped in her domain not to say she won't but if she does then she's just doing what comes natural and I messed up by letting my guard down

Anonymous says:
May 14, 2010 07:51 AM
wolves are very dangerous to public. they should die. they are less afraid of human. the the only wolves did to us is they lived and for that they shall perish. its there fault they die because they eat too much. we just need to kill them. you have a large % to get attacked in america so shoot them wolves!
Anonymous says:
Dec 05, 2007 11:28 AM

I've been stalked by a grizzley bear and a mountain lion.  I was lucky both times something bad didnt happen.  I was in thier domain.  But there is no reason anyone should be out in wilderness areas with out being armed.  Especially with kids with you.  Pepper spray does work but most people just end up spraying themselves in a panic.... which maybe just as effective.  At least they wont eat you.

Anonymous says:
May 14, 2010 07:58 AM
Last time i checked, pepper spray just makes them angry. If you wanna get rid of them just shoot um! I personally just shot one with my fully automatic 30/6 today.
Anonymous says:
Jan 28, 2008 07:32 PM

It could have been a wolf. As the first reader explained, wolf attacks are extremely rare, but now that we have been pushing toward their territory, they will attack. They are very strong creatures, and have the strength of biting down 1500lbs. You should stay away from their natural enviornment. They are amazing creatures that should have their share of the world just like every other animal.

Anonymous says:
Feb 04, 2008 11:22 AM

Wolves are dangerous animals and I use to go walking up my road every day but now I don`t because there has been so many wolf attacks around the area... and healthy wolves kill just for sport!!!

Anonymous says:
Mar 21, 2008 11:12 AM


" L. David Mech, a leading wolf biologist: "Wolves are still not any more dangerous than they ever were." "

Wolves are no less dangerous than they ever were, too.  Nobody should die for a animal reintroduction.  This is a brain dead stupid thing to do.  Might as well introduce cobras into the southwest to control hanta virus laden mice.


Anonymous says:
Sep 19, 2009 01:11 PM
I can tell all of you that the wolfs where here long before us and to let cobras loose is just a dumb comment we have never had cobras on this continent as far as wolfs being dangrous not true they are mostly scavaging or praying on the weaker animals the eat a lot of mice and smaller abundant creatures and they have been put back in the our ecosystem we all should be proud to have such a great wild life conservation system I think we should relocate the grizzleys back to california they were there first what makes us think we can tell a animal where it can live and where it cant theres alot more smarter animals than people on this great planet so being a wolf biologist you know what im saying about the wolf is true the only time a wolf is dangorus is when it is starving and you happen to get in it's way it would eat you other than that they are shy and elussive creatures that should be left alone
Anonymous says:
Sep 21, 2010 09:39 PM
 You have to be kidding when you say wolves aren't dangerous. I am assuming that you support PETA, you live in town, and you only know what the news tells you. Get out of your perfect neighborhood and talk to some farmers that are having their herds killed these not dangerous animals. Take a look at these pictures and then tell me wolves aren't dangerous.[…]?s=&threadid=325714....
Anonymous says:
Dec 10, 2010 06:04 PM
PETA doesn't go to bat for wolves.
Anonymous says:
Apr 15, 2008 11:25 AM

"Nobody should die for a animal reintroduction."......hmmm

Wolves were in the USA before humans and have a right to be there. It is their right to be reintroduced and people's duty to do so. It is the human who has invaded their territory in the first place. People shoot wolves for being on their land, however who was there first?

Until there is camera footage and actual evidence showing a wolf attack, wolves should not ever be presumed to be the attacker. I agree that a bear is more likely to have been the attacker. I am a little bemused to why investigators did not make an examination of the teeth marks on the bones of the victim to determine which animal made the kill. This is not a hard or unreasonable suggestion and bones can also be examined to see who instigated the attack to which animals foraged on the carcass afterwards.

Anneka Svenska


Anonymous says:
Jan 07, 2009 10:26 AM
wolves didn't do anything to us!!! we are shooting them down for no reason!! do any of you remember the tasmain tiger!!! well it is now extinct solely because of humans and that is soon going to happen to the wolves all because some people are afraid and decided to believe stories like the "Three Little Pigs" and "Little Red Riding Hood". Wolves are too important to be killing like ants and aerial killing whats up with this people are so scared of wolves that they have to kill them from where the wolves can not reach them when the wolves would probably cower and hide anyway. COWARDS!!!!!
Anonymous says:
Mar 06, 2009 12:15 PM
Take a look at what your precious wolves are doing to the other peaceful nature loving forest creatures. One reason that there are so few "documented" attacks in the United States is because biologists require the following criteria for a documented attack;

1. The wolf has to be killed, examined and found to be healthy.
2. It must be proven that the wolf was never kept in captivity in its entire life.
3. There must be eyewitnesses to the attack.
4. The person must die from their wounds (bites are generally not considered attacks according to the biologists).

Such criteria can make it very difficult to document any historical account of a wolf attack on a human.

Wolves need to be tightly controlled if not eliminated.
Anonymous says:
Mar 06, 2009 03:12 PM
I read through the descriptions of the wolves stalking the elk with the pictures by the river, heartbreaking stuff...but that is the way of the wild, it may seem cruel but wolves have a job to do. Without any natural predators elk populations will explode as they have in Rocky Mountain National Park where wolves were eliminated long ago. Come to Colorado and see what your "precious" elk do when there are no wolves to keep them in check, they ruin meadows, strip the bark off of trees (killing them for no reason)and can fall victim to wasting disease or starving to death (both disease and hunger are related to overpopulation) In area where wolves are still around to keep the elk in line , the herds and the overall ecosystems are healthier.... Truly all of god's creatures are precious, the real harm is done when we interfere with the natural balance between predator & prey, regardless of our own compassionate intentions or malevolent ones
Anonymous says:
Mar 06, 2009 05:17 PM
When someone asked Ed Abbey if he worried about wolves, he said (paraphrasing here) "Yes, I worry that they're not getting enough to eat, enough to keep their coats glossy and their eyes shiny and their teeth sharp."
Anonymous says:
Apr 10, 2009 10:22 AM
WOLVES NEED TO LIVE! Wolves keep the ecosystem in balance, people! In Yellowstone Park, the loss of wolves has put everything out of whack! We just need to leave them alone.

Everything you do in this world comes back to you. You Kill wolves, they kill you.
Anonymous says:
Apr 12, 2009 09:08 AM
About 4 people are killed by whitetail deer attacks and another 150 killed by collisions with deer each year. About 10 people are killed by dogs each year. Based on some of the comments here, we should elliminate deer and dogs and only then worry about wolves. Carry their logic one step further and perhaps we should elliminate humans because they kill more people than all animal attacks combined. Get a grip.
Anonymous says:
Apr 18, 2009 12:09 PM
I'm reading this and finding 2 very distinct things present.
there are fool who don't understand the concepts of eco-systems who are calling for the total eradication of wolves due to some unnatural fear of them and there are the nature nuts who don't possess an intelligence worthy of commenting who have decided that humans should cow to all other species on the planet.

Wolves are dangerous, they are apex predators in most environments that they inhabit. Wolves, just like most animals, are balances of the eco-system, they keep herd beasts and themselves in check (most wolf deaths are due to one wolf pack killing another wolf pack)

We as humans should not hunt wolves into extinction simply because we do not understand them or simply because they are killing humans, they are wolves, that is what they do, but we should also not let them roam around unchecked. Yes, we invaded their territory. So what? we are the dominant species, in this world of nature, we win because we ARE the apex predators of all animal species. Wolves will generally avoid humans if their is enough food to go around for them and we don't harass them. Take the moderate approach from both sides.
Anonymous says:
Nov 01, 2009 10:56 PM
I am around about 17 wolves everyday. I know that they would never hurt for any given random reason, other than, two things, one TERRITORY, and two, FOOD. When wolves, just like people, are protecting their young and their dens, they will let you know, what the boundaries are. When wolves are surviving off of their food, they will not let anyone, touch their food to eat. Wolves, and dogs have similarities between aggression to certain situations, but wolves, have unfortunately been spit upon, and they need respect, just as everything else in the ecosystem, for us to coexist with them. It is the person's discretion, on what they are supposed to know, of what they are allowed to do, given the rights by that animal that person is dealing with!!!
Anonymous says:
Dec 20, 2009 07:32 PM
Check out this link for other attacks.
A google search pulls up even more. Check out gray wolf attacks on
There's a video of a canine eating a young antelope before his victim is dead. Man's role as top predator is essential for the survival of lesser species of which wolves would eat the very last for they know no bounds, no mercy, killing the least of us in our time of greatest need, wanting only to find family and a warm dry place to sleep. By keeping wolf numbers low, humans assure the remaining wolves have something to eat. Natural balance is no balance at all and not sustainable. Homeless people and little school age children walking or bicyling to and from school are put a great peril. Advocating for a wanton killer such as wolf makes as much sense as being a pen pal to a convict in prison. No, less sense.
Anonymous says:
Dec 21, 2009 04:09 PM

"Homeless people and little school age children walking or bicyling to and from school are put in (sic) a great peril. "

I love it! Picturing a group of homeless people and/or little kids riding bikes while being chased by a wolf is classic.

Thanks for the laugh. It's the best I've had in weeks.

P.S. No diving in your gene pool, I'd hate to see you bump your forehead!
Anonymous says:
Mar 04, 2010 04:36 PM
Im tired of hearing about how we need to coddle thse animals. If we need more space, guess what? Humans are at the top of the food chain! It's not their territory, its now ours. We win, so get the eff out of our way, and if you wont, we will kill you. Survival of the fittest. Do you think wolves or bears change their habits to try to coexist with any other predators in their territory?! I think we should kill, and sell for human or pet food, all nuisance animals.
Anonymous says:
Mar 04, 2010 08:54 PM
instead of the trolling and/or utterly ignorant comments like those from FatJ.

As a few (very few) others have pointed out, a little perspective is badly needed. There are about 1600 wolves and at last count, somewhere north of 300,000,000 humans in the lower 48 states. My rough calculation is that there's 187,500 of us for each wolf. And if you figure in the risk of 1 of those wolves attacking, well, you have a better chance of winning the lottery. Entire gambling empires are built on people dumb enough to take those odds.

If you really wanted to save human lives then you really need to ban cars since they kill about 50,000 people each and every year. In any case, the number of completely idiotic posts point to society being in desperate need of an IQ test before anyone is allowed to breed. Or at least before they're allowed to use a computer.
Anonymous says:
Mar 10, 2010 09:58 AM
Ya, what Doc said!
Anonymous says:
Oct 30, 2010 10:12 PM
Come on, people! Wolves are dangerous, blah, blah, blah. People talk about the horrible things they do to livestock and pets. It's nature! It can be cruel, but that's the way it is. Wolves aren't trying to make an animal die a lingering death, they want food. They aren't killing for sport, they don't have time or energy for that, they spend their time trying to survive. Dogs kill a lot more livestock than wolves do. Dogs also kill an average of 12 people a year. You don't see people out there trying to blast Fido. Deer kill people in attacks and traffic collisions. People don't want to eradicate deer, they want to keep them around to hunt. And they want to be the only ones hunting deer. We want more animals to shoot, so what's our solution? Lets go drive the wolves to extinction! I currently live in Kansas (I have lived in wolf country.). Around here, we don't have wolves, bears, and mountain lions. So what happens? The deer go out of control. They are pests. We have more deer collisions than most of the country. Now people want to blast the deer. If we had wolves, we wouldn't have enough deer to keep people happy, so they would say the wolves are dangerous, that they are pests, and then they would kill them. Which is why we no longer have wolves here. People need to tune into reality. Wolves are not evil, horrible man eaters. They are also not cuddly fuzzballs. The world is better with these predators. Gov. Otter of Idaho recently referred to the elk as "The state's game". They aren't ours! We have not been put here to decide the fate of every animal on the earth. If anyone thinks that all wolves need to be exterminated, then that person is crazy, or to ignorant. Even some people who hate wolves know that they can't just be wiped out. To do so would cause huge environmental problems. And for those of you who think wolves are cruel to their prey, look at what Alaskan officials did. They rode around in their helicopters and chased the wolves for miles until they were to tired too run. They then shot them ALL. Several of the wolves ran through pain for miles with bullets in their bodies. So for those of you who think wolves are evil, consider this.
Anonymous says:
Jan 11, 2011 01:34 AM
 Fatj it is not survival of the fittest it is survival of the one most capable of adaptation. IF your gonna say something then get it right geez! biodiversity is very important to the health of our land and forest's. with out wolves rabbit and mouse populations will sky rocket. Since wolves rarely attack anything larger than small rodents.
Anonymous says:
Jan 11, 2011 01:38 AM
 Great source man I could write that wolves come in fourteen wonderful colors and taste like chocolate. The only recorded wolf attacks are of captive wolves buddy. this is a discussion of Wild wolves. Those are the kind that live in the forest and hunt their own food rather than being fed and watered inside a cage.
Anonymous says:
Mar 21, 2010 06:47 PM
if you dont like the wild, live in another continent. north america is as much the wildlifes as it is ours. it is part of the reason we all think it is so special. there are countries out there that have mountains, glaciers, lakes, braided rivers....and no predators. eg: new zealand.
so if you dont like it here....leave.
Anonymous says:
Mar 22, 2010 06:44 AM
I live in "wild Idaho", where its citizens seem to pride themselves as being rugged outdoorsmen, hunters, and individualistic westerners. However, from what I've been hearing lately you'd think these fine people would rather live in a sterile wilderness, surrounded not by the diversity and mystery of the wilds, but rather by the ordered safety of a park devoid of anything mysterious or "frightening".
Anonymous says:
Mar 31, 2010 10:31 PM
I've read all these comments, and the ones that I can hardly believe, are the idiots that think we should eradicate wolves. I thought society had advanced away from fearing everything they hear in stories, and putting the blame on everything else but themselves, but apparently I'm wrong. I've been doing research on wolves, and there are more dog attacks a year then there are wolf attacks in 100 years. Also, about those pictures of the caribou and such, as someone else had pointed out, tough, that's the wild.

Wolves weed the weaker prey out of the herds, saving us the stronger ones, because we must be so picky as to kill whatever we like, but no! We couldn't possibly kill a skinny one! That would be too barbaric!

For those of you who are criticising the ways of the wolves, read "Never Cry Wolf" by Farley Mowat. It gives you loads of information on their true nature, and not the false info you get from fairy tales like little red riding hood.
Anonymous says:
Aug 23, 2010 11:54 AM
PenN is right about Farley Mowat. He lived with a wolf pack in the frozen north. As a biologist, he had a scientific detachment, observing objectively. His account is stirring, deeply emotional is spite of objectivity. In short, humane.
Adaptivity is perhaps the most important human survival trait. If we can adapt to the necessities of preserving the elements of Nature that sustain us, we may endure.
Among those necessities are heart and spirit.
YouTube offers sections of the movie made of the book, "Never Cry Wolf". The book is superb, and the movie also.[…]TgCm0p4&feature=related
Anonymous says:
Jun 01, 2010 07:14 PM
Reintroduction of the wolves to Yellowstone has enlivened a very diverse biotic system to the ecosystem.

Elk, deer, and other prey are fearful of loitering near water sources causing erosion to creek and riverbeds and eating of aspen tree sapplings.

With the reintroduction of wolves, trees are coming back along with other creatures and large prey are learning to use their instincts again to survive.

Playing devils advocate, there is a hate of wolves when their is a fear to life and health and misunderstanding of wolves as a keystone specie. Wolves are something to be feared yet revered and respected if we are to coexist together. When humans enter wild terrority we have long lost common sense and instinct to exist within, we surely will be prey.

Humans are loosing the ability to read the land. Our home we were born unto is turning foul, and we will become our own worst enemy. When the land is ill, humans directly and indirectly suffer.

Now if there was a reintroduction of dinosaurs, it would be another thing! :)

Anonymous says:
Jun 29, 2010 10:49 PM
I live, work and hunt in Idaho. Wolves were present here before the foreign strain of very large Canadian Wolves were planted here in 1995. I know, because I heard one howling while Elk hunting in October 1994 in the Frank Church River of no Return wilderness. Idaho wolves were smaller in size and never were found in large packs like today. We now have over 1000 wolves that we know of and they have decimated the deer and elk in many areas of the state and we had our first successful wolf hunt last fall...and only 2/3 of the tags were filled...which gives you some idea how clever and difficult these creatures are to harvest. Most of you who "love wolves" will never be satisfied until some poor unarmed person is maimed or killed by this predator. It is only a matter of time. Since the fad these days is to go hiking or mountain biking further and further into the wilderness areas, these misinformed folks are just so much fresh meat. When it happens, all of you "Champions of Wildlife" will be responsible. Shame on all of you.
Anonymous says:
Jun 30, 2010 12:37 AM
I daresay the sight of a former governor hunting down wolves and shooting to kill from a helicopter, tells me that any human that treats those magnificent animals with such disrespect and hatred, might just deserve to be harmed themselves.

As another letter indicated, there was NO proof it was a wolf that killed that hapless wanderer...they really think it was a bear...but to wolf haters, I say SHAME ON YOU!
Anonymous says:
Jan 11, 2011 09:43 AM
I also live (for 33 years in February), work, and was born in Idaho. I recreate here, and have heard wolves howling from outside my tent and cabin. Wolves probably killed my aunt and uncles dog. Sad, but that is life. I'll be honest, I do get a tiny bit nervous having my young kids playing in the woods unsupervised in wolf country. However the rational part of my brain knows that an animal attack is highly unlikely whether from wolf, bear, cougar, dog or pissed off chipmunk. Once again, life is not without risks, no matter how much bubble wrap you try to drape around yourself, or how thick your tinfoil hat is. I am still very firmly in favor of the wolves reintroduction and continued existence in Idaho and surrounding states. Let us all enjoy them while they are here! Were the wolves reintroduced larger than what would have been typical in Idaho 150 years ago? Sure. It is called Bergmann's rule. [('s_rule) But that link isn't for everyone! There are no graphic pictures but there are polysyllabic words. Scary stuff for some of you.] The wolves will be back down to normal Idaho size in no time at all, if they aren't already. The wolves reintroduced are still indisputably the same genus and species that was native to this region before they were wiped out by trappers, poison, and bounty hunters often paid for their efforts by the same Federal government that reintroduced them. As to any behavioral questions, much of the habitat is different, many of the ecosystems are all out of whack (due to human tinkering?) so of course their behavior is likely to reflect those factors. I am all in favor of a well thought out hunting season on wolves, just as we have on other animals in the state. Although I wouldn't participate, I don't begrudge others the opportunity to hunt such a unique animal. I think hunters as a whole probably contain roughly the same amount of nitwits, and jackasses as the rest of the population. By the way, if any of you big tough Idaho hunters, ranchers or other folks get frightened by the Big Bad Wolf, I'd be happy to come plug in a night light, and tuck you in if it would help ease the paranoid fear. My 6 year old might even be willing to read you a story. Not Little Red Riding Hood though. Might give you nightmares.
Anonymous says:
Jun 30, 2010 09:37 PM
I was hoping for an intelligent discussion about the article.
Oh, well - it's easy to see that the anti-wolf clan has e-rallied the usual fear-mongering respondents to present the usual stuff.
C'mon, folks - let's have some facts, for a change.
These sci-fi Werewolf stories are boring! There were even some scary snake stories.
We're not all 10-yr-olds on a Camporee, so we'll need an asteroid story to really get us shaking in our boots!!!
Hoping for a better discussion---, Mike
Anonymous says:
Aug 22, 2010 04:26 PM
I own a business called Grizzly bear Essentials that specializes in protecting your self your camp cabin and home from the critters of the great outdoors. The fact of the matter is humans and animals are going to interact one way or another no matter what. People need to be prepared when in a animals domain. Yes bear spray does work on any animal that has lungs. If in doubt email counter assault and ask why ssome of their biggest users are zoos and national parks both here and in Africa. The national parks recomendation when in the wilderness is to have two forms of protection. I carry a can of bear spray and a 18 inch short shot gun with 3 inch slugs for my protection. You may not agree with my choices but they work very effectively. I have never had to shoot a wolf or a bear because the bear spray is most effective at stopping any kind of animal but again two forms of protection is the recommendation from the forest service. Bear spray is different than regular pepper spray. Please do not think the pepper spray recommended for humans is the same it'not. If you have questions regarding these products give me a call at 435-881-9466
Anonymous says:
Sep 20, 2010 02:51 PM
Need to open hunts on wolfs just like cougars. If we don't we will have wolf attack after wolf attack.
Anonymous says:
Oct 01, 2010 08:24 PM
I live in the UK and I cant imagine camping in fear of bears and wolves. Such a beautiful country you have but so dangerous. It must be a real problem for you guys but here we can go anywhere with no problem.
Anonymous says:
Jan 11, 2011 01:19 AM
 David you have no idea what you are talking about. There has never been a documented attack of wolves on humans in 10,000 years!!!!! except for captive wolves they are afraid of men they are the smartest animals on the planet next to mankind and they certainly know and teach their cubs that humans are the most dangerous of all animals.
Anonymous says:
Oct 12, 2010 04:44 PM
wolves are not dangerous. there are two main reasons why wolves would attack people. first, if hunters or whoever crossed into their territory or attacked them first. and second, if they are with puppies and you get close to them, they would try protecting their pups. they attack farms and such just for food but still i really don't think they're dangerous
if you think i'm wrong in any way reply to me
Anonymous says:
Jan 11, 2011 01:16 AM
 Once again wolves do not predate farm animals %90 of their diet is made up of rabbits and mice!!!!
Anonymous says:
Oct 16, 2010 11:15 AM
The real problem with wolves in the lower 48 states is not should we have them or not, the real problem is that we don't have enough space, large enough big game herds or habitat for wildlife to survive or man to coexist with wolves. Even in huge expanses of land in Canada, Alaska and Russia wolves must be managed constantly to protect other wildlife, ranchers and people. check the facts online
Anonymous says:
Jan 11, 2011 01:14 AM
 You can check online all you want buddy there is nothing on wolves attacking humans except old stories. Wolves do not need to be managed for protection of large game animals as THEY VERY RARELY HUNT ANIMALS LARGER THAN A RABBIT EVEN IN WINTER AND WHEN THEY DO IT IS ONE THAT WILL BE CLOSE TO DEATH. And the lack of large herds of game animals has no bearing on their population since they do not hunt them except under extreme duress. You really need to get your facts straight before you spew a bunch of nonsense which you obviously know nothing about!!!!
Anonymous says:
Oct 19, 2010 12:24 PM
pure speculation about a wolf killing some one? or any evidence? just speculation does not justify 'first case' of anything. Even if they did, who was the tresspasser???
Anonymous says:
Jan 11, 2011 01:08 AM
 Wolfs will never lose their fear of humans. I owned two wolves one for eight years since she was a cub. She was raised with humans and yet she was still afraid of any other humans except me my wife and our daughter, well actually she wasnt afraid of children at all in fact she was more protective of children than a mother bear was of her cubs. The male which I got when he was app. 2 years old had been hand raised by one person he was scared Sh@!less of everyone It took me a year of sitting close to him while he ate in order for me to be able to pet him while he ate. he never threatened me or my family he was a beautiful creature. Those of you that think wolves are dangerous are morons, they are soooo afraid of humans there is no way they would attack one. There has NEVER BEEN A VERIFIED WOLF ATTACK ON HUMANS IN HISTORY, I do not care what the article says. They do not "get used" to humans except in controlled circumstances unlike bears which are stupid compared to wolves. This was a bear attack period. Bears also prey on sheep and cattle which wolves do not. 90% of a wolf's diet consists of rabbits and mice except in the deep winter when they will kill large animals that are weak and ready to die usually by running them into a predetermined snow bank, they definitely talk to each other and are probably the most intelligent animal on the planet next to man. My female understood conversational English not just commands, which when tried on her would produce what can only be described as a baleful look of "yeah right". Shooting them is akin to shooting a five year old child and should carry the same penalty!!
Sean Roberson
Sean Roberson says:
Apr 07, 2011 08:53 AM
There are people here saying wolves are dangerous and need to be hunted down. They are wrong. However the wolves need to be managed Idaho recently said that they will manage there population to 25% of what it is now. Plus what the hell is with the people on here saying they're animals it's nature. Are we not all animals it is nature for us to manage the population. Final thing, I never seen a bear share it's territories with other animals why should we this is my land and I intend on keeping it that way.
Give  Peace
Give Peace says:
May 01, 2011 04:46 PM
  I am a wolf educator (well human educator). A scientist and a parent. I grew up around (wild)wolves which gave me a life time of information to draw from. Then I studied and talked with the top biologist studying wolves in the world. I needed to know if what I grew to understand was accepted science. I also grew up with a Chickasaw mother, so I was not raised on Little Red Riding-hood and the like. Rather I was raised with the idea of balance created by nature. Animal medicine stories, they teach us to watch the behavior of animals so that we can learn from them. I tell them to my children now. These are not like confusing Disney stories. Wolves are common in them because they are so balanced in the way they live. I travel to places where people and wolves both live and help educate the people about wolves and how to coexist in the same space. I am currently working with a population on an island, the human/wolf ratio is 100/4 there and they are seen everyday in numbers of 1-12 at a time. Bear, cougar, sheep, cows, chickens,dogs, cats(etc.) also live there. Not surprisingly, in all the decades wolves have lived on this island there has never been an attack on a human, not once have teeth and flesh met. There is no legal wolf protection on this island, so cohabitation is a daily choice. You might be surprised at how many different environments wolves can live in. They are highly adaptable, arguably even more so than people as one writer mentioned humans forgetting how to live on the land or be in the wild. I am pleased to hear thoughtful responses. Though many of you disagree with one another; I see a variety of views given and they are all helpful in seeing the level of understanding and how it was acquired. When I first arrive in a wolf/human habitat I spend a few days listening to know what is needed. Often it is as clear as wild animal deterrent fencing for livestock, bear spray, red and white umbrellas (for making yourself look big in case of an encounter while hiking), and educating the people about how wolves communicate with body language. Wolves are very talkative in this way, and understanding what their body language expresses can make a big difference in confidence during an encounter. Most encounters (rare, consider yourself lucky if you ever see one) last between a fraction of a second and less than 1min, though I have recorded descriptions of 5-10min and one 45min. Adrenaline being involved sure makes it seem like a lifetime. Longer encounters are generally in spring and summer when young wolf pups are old enough to take out on short teaching sessions or if they have a kill(dead prey). The pack will try to push or escort humans they encounter away from the area where they have a kill or an area where pups are. This sometimes takes a few minutes to convey to a human who is startled and does not understand wolf behavior. If the woman who had the encounter in her driveway was familiar with wolf body language, and the meaning of different kinds of growls and barks, she may have felt less afraid in the situation.
Sometimes the need of the people living near wolves is to be listened to, and from a place of understanding for their concerns or fears. I urge you to be gentle with each other as we all come to a greater understanding. Not knowing is not a crime, share knowledge about wolves with the face of a friend and hands ready to build a fence (literally when you can). Wolf populations were expected to travel natural corridors and leave Yellowstone park. This was the original understanding from the beginning of the reintroduction plan. Sometimes the wolves arrive to a new area to establish territories and the people living there have not had a wolf education. This causes lots of confusion, and fear. I am happy to directly answer questions posted here. Or translate an encounter if they are described. An elder once told me that if I were afraid of something I should become very curious about it, learn everything I could, fully understand it. The fear would fade away and I would know the teaching the thing had brought to me. His name was The Will To Love and he teaches me still.
Matthalamew Northwoods
Matthalamew Northwoods says:
Nov 17, 2011 05:29 PM
I found the above post very enlightening - but I do see a coming series of conflicts. Most people are not going to be wolf savvy. While here in NC the Red Wolf Project has released 200 or so wolves. Here's the catch, the Wolf is the 1% Mascot animal, or the Global Elites totem animal. When people are forced to foreclose on homes and take up tent? These wolves have never face man and they won't be to afraid when starvation is their other choice. Plus, its all to obvious when you see the big bankers like Chase helping to get people excited about wolf reintroduction.

Wolves are cool, don't get me wrong - but I would lose one of my neighbors children for the project. Here is a list of the history where wolves and man have taken a turn for the worse:


By T. R. Mader, Research Director


It has been widely discussed whether a healthy wild wolf has ever attacked a human on this continent. In fact, many say such attacks have never occurred in North America.


History states otherwise. Although attacks on humans are uncommon, they have occurred on this continent, both in the early years of settlement and more recently. Here is one report:


“NEW ROCKFORD, DAK, March 7 - The news has just reached here that a father and son, living several miles northeast of this city, were destroyed by wolves yesterday. The two unfortunate men started to a haystack some ten rods from the house to shovel a path around the stack when they were surrounded by wolves and literally eaten alive. The horror-stricken mother was standing at the window with a babe in her arms, a spectator to the terrible death of her husband and son, but was unable to aid them. After they had devoured every flesh from the bones of the men, the denizens of the forest attacked the house, but retired to the hills in a short time. Investigation found nothing but the bones of the husband and son. The family name was Olson. Wolves are more numerous and dangerous now than ever before known in North Dakota." (Saint Paul Daily Globe, March 8, 1888)


Here an account is reported which included an eyewitness and the family name. Some have reasoned the wolves were rabid. That is unlikely as these animals were functioning as a pack. A rabid wolf is a loner. Our research has never found a single historical account of packs of rabid wolves on this continent. Individual animals are the norm. Further, accounts of rabid (hydrophobic) animals were common in that day and were reported as such.


The winters of 1886-1888 were very harsh. Many western ranchers went broke during these years. The harsh winter could have been a factor in the attack.


Noted naturalists documented wolf attacks on humans. John James Audubon, of whom the Audubon Society is named, reported an attack involving 2 Negroes. He records that the men were traveling through a part of Kentucky near the Ohio border in winter. Due to the wild animals in the area the men carried axes on their shoulders as a precaution. While traveling through a heavily forested area, they were attacked by a pack of wolves. Using their axes, they attempted to fight off the wolves. Both men were knocked to the ground and severely wounded. One man was killed. The other dropped his axe and escaped up a tree. There he spent the night. The next morning the man climbed down from the tree. The bones of his friend lay scattered on the snow. Three wolves lay dead. He gathered up the axes and returned home with the news of the event. This incident occurred about 1830. (Audubon, J.J., and Bachman, J.; The Quadrupeds of North America, 3 volumes. New York, 1851 - 1854)


George Bird Grinnell investigated several reported wolf attacks on humans. He dismissed many reports for lack of evidence. Grinnell did verify one attack.


This occurrence was in northwestern Colorado. An eighteen-year-old girl went out at dusk to bring in some milk cows. She saw a gray wolf on a hill as she went out for the cows. She shouted at the wolf to scare it away and it did not move. She then threw a stone at it to frighten it away. The animal snarled at her shouting and attacked her when she threw the stone at it. The wolf grabbed the girl by the shoulder, threw her to the ground and bit her severely on the arms and legs. She screamed and her brother, who was nearby and armed with a gun, responded to the scene of the attack and killed the wolf. The wolf was a healthy young animal, barely full grown. Grinnell met this girl and examined her. She carried several scars from the attack. This attack occurred in summer about 1881. (Grinnell, G.B.; Trail and Campfire - Wolves and Wolf Nature, New York, 1897)


In 1942, Michael Dusiak, section foreman for the Canadian Pacific Railway, was attacked by a wolf while patrolling a section of track on a speeder (small 4-wheeled open railroad car). Dusiak relates, "It happened so fast and as it was still very dark, I thought an engine had hit me first. After getting up from out of the snow very quickly, I saw the wolf which was about fifty feet away from me and it was coming towards me, I grabbed the two axes (tools on the speeder), one in each hand and hit the wolf as he jumped at me right in the belly and in doing so lost one axe. Then the wolf started to circle me and got so close to me at times that I hit him with the head of the axe and it was only the wielding of the axe that kept him from me. All this time he was growling and gnashing his teeth. Then he would stop circling me and jump at me and I would hit him with the head of the axe. This happened five times and he kept edging me closer to the woods which was about 70 feet away. We fought this way for about fifteen minutes and I fought to stay out in the open close to the track. I hit him quite often as he came at me very fast and quick and I was trying to hit him a solid blow in the head for I knew if once he got me down it would be my finish. Then in the course of the fight he got me over onto the north side of the track and we fought there for about another ten minutes. Then a west bound train came along travelling about thirty miles an hour and stopped about half a train length west of us and backed up to where we were fighting. The engineer, fireman and brakeman came off the engine armed with picks and other tools, and killed the wolf."


It should be noted that this wolf was skinned and inspected by an Investigator Crichton, a Conservation Officer. His assessment was that the animal was a young healthy wolf in good condition although it appeared lean. ("A Record of Timber Wolf Attacking a Man," JOURNAL OF MAMMOLOGY, Vol. 28, No. 3, August 1947)


Common Man Institute, in cooperation with Abundant Wildlife Society of North America, has done extensive research on wolves and their history for several years. We have gathered evidence on wolf attacks which occurred in North America.


A forester employed by the Province of British Colombia was checking some timber for possible harvest in the 1980s. He was met by a small pack of three wolves. The forester yelled at the wolves to frighten them away. Instead, the wolves came towards him in a threatening manner and he was forced to retreat and climb a nearby tree for safety. The wolves remained at the base of the tree. The forester had a portable radio, but was unable to contact his base, due to distance, until evening. When the call for help came in, two Conservation Officers with the Ministry of Environment were flown to the area by floatplane to rescue the treed forester.


When the Conservation Officers arrived, the forester was still in the tree and one wolf, the apparent leader of the pack, was still at the base of the tree. The officers, armed with shotguns, shot at the wolf and missed. The wolf ran for cover and then started circling and howling near the two officers. After a couple missed shots, the wolf was finally shot and killed.


The wolf tested negative for rabies. It appeared healthy in every respect, but was very lean. The Conservation Officers felt the attack was caused by hunger. (Taped Interviews and a photo of the wolf on file at Abundant Wildlife Society of North America.)


This is but one example from British Colombia. Wolves overran Vancouver Island in the 1980s. Attacks became so common that articles were published in Canadian magazines documenting such attacks. (Copies available upon request.)


Wolf Attacks on humans have occurred in national parks, too. In August 1987, a sixteen-year-old girl was bitten by a wild wolf in Algonquin Provincial Park in Ontario. The girl was camping in the park with a youth group and shined a flashlight at the wolf. The wolf reacted to the light by biting the girl on the arm. That bite was not hard and due to the thick sweater and sweatshirt the girl was wearing, she sustained two scratch marks on her arm. The wolf was shot by Natural Resources personnel and tested negative for rabies. (Interview with Ron Tozer, Park Naturalist for Algonquin Provincial Park, 7/25/88.)


Well-known wolf biologist Dr. David Mech took issue with this attack stating it couldn't really be considered an authentic attack since the girl wasn't injured more severely. It was exactly nine years when such an attack would take place.


Algonquin Provincial Park is one of several areas where people are encouraged to "howl" at the wolves in hopes of a response from the wild wolves in the area. In August, 1996, the Delventhal family of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, were spending a nine-day family vacation in Algonquin and joined a group of Scouts in "howling" at the wolves. They were answered by the howl of a solitary wolf.


That night the Delventhals decided to sleep out under the stars. Young Zachariah was dreaming when he suddenly felt excruciating pain in his face. A lone wolf had bit him in the face and was dragging him from his sleeping bag. Zach screamed and Tracy, Zach's Mother, raced to his side and picked him up, saturating her thermal shirt with blood from Zach's wounds.


The wolf stood menacingly less than a yard away. Tracy yelled at her husband, Thom, who leapt from his sleeping bag and charged the wolf. The wolf retreated and then charged at Tracy and Zach. The charges were repeated. Finally the wolf left. Thom turned a flashlight on 11-year-old Zach and gasped "Oh, my God!" "The boy's face had been ripped open. His nose was crushed. Parts of his mouth and right cheek were torn and dangling. Blood gushed from puncture wounds below his eyes, and the lower part of his right ear was missing." Zach was taken to a hospital in Toronto where a plastic surgeon performed four hours of reconstructive surgery. Zach received more than 80 stitches in his face.


Canadian officials baited the Delventhals' campsite and captured and destroyed a 60-lb wild male wolf. No further attacks have occurred since. (Cook, Kathy; "Night of the Wolf" READER'S DIGEST, July 1997, pp. 114-119.)

Humans have been attacked by wolves in Alaska. The late David Tobuk carried scars on his face from a wolf attack on him as a small child. The incident occurred around the turn of the century in interior Alaska. David was playing in his village near a river. An old wolf came into the village and bit David in the face and started to carry him off. Other Eskimos saw the wolf dragging the child off and started yelling and screaming. The wolf dropped the child and was shot by an old Eskimo trapper who had a gun. (Interview with Frank Tobuk, brother, Bettles, Alaska, December 1988.)


Paul Tritt, an Athabascan Indian, was attacked by a lone wolf while working a trap line. Paul was setting a snare, looked up and saw a wolf lunging at him. He threw his arm up in front of his face and it was bitten severely by the wolf. A struggle ensued. Tritt was able to get to his sled, grab a gun and kill the wolf. Nathaniel Frank, a companion, helped Tritt wash the wound with warm water. Frank took Tritt, via dog sled, to Fort Yukon to see a doctor. The arm healed, but Tritt never regained full use of it. Several years later, the arm developed problems and had to be amputated. (Interview with Paul Tritt, Venetie, Alaska, November, 1988)


Two wolf attacks on humans occurred in 2000.


Icy Bay, Alaska - Six-year-old John Stenglein and a nine-year-old friend were playing outside his family's trailer at a logging camp when a wild wolf came out of the woods towards the boys. The boys ran and the wolf attacked young Stenglein from the back, biting him on the back and buttocks. Adults, hearing the boy's screams, came and chased the wolf away. The wolf returned a few moments later and was shot. According to Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) officials, the wolf was a healthy wild wolf that apparently attacked without provocation. The boy was flown to Yakutat and recieved stitches there for his wounds. Later, however, the bites became infected and the boy had to be hospitalized. (Reports and Interviews on file and available upon request.)


Vargas Island, British Colombia - University student, Scott Langevin, 23, was on a kayak trip with friends. They camped out on a beach and, about 1 AM, Langevin awoke with something pulling on his sleeping bag. He looked out and came face to face with a wild wolf. Langevin yelled at the wolf and it attacked, biting him on the hand. Langevin attempted to force the wolf toward a nearby campfire, but as he turned, the wolf jumped on his back and started biting him on the back of his head. Friends, hearing his yells, came to his aid and scared the wolf away. Fifty (50) stitches were required to close the wound on Langevin's head. British Colombia Ministry of Enviroment officials speculate the reason for the attack was due to the wolves occasionally being fed by humans although there was no evidence that Langevin or any of his party fed these animals. (Reports and Interviews on file and available upon request.)


This is but a brief summary of a few verifiable accounts of attacks on humans by healthy wild wolves in North American History.


Biologists tell us that the wolves of Asia and North America are one and the same species. Wolf attacks are common in many parts of Asia.


The government of India reported more than 100 deaths attributable to wolves in one year during the eighties. (Associated Press, 1985) This author recalls a news report in 1990 in which Iran reported deaths from attacks by wolves.


Rashid Jamsheed, a U.S. trained biologist, was the game director for Iran. He wrote a book entitled "Big Game Animals of Iran (Persia)." In it he made several references to wolf attacks on humans. Jamsheed says that for a millennia people have reported wolves attacking and killing humans. In winter, when starving wolves grow bold, they have been known to enter towns and kill people in daylight on the streets. Apparently, in Iran, there are many cases of wolves running off with small children. There is also a story of a mounted and armed policeman (gendarme) being followed by 3 wolves. In time he had to get off his horse to attend to nature’s call, leaving his rifle in the scabbard. A later reconstruction at the scene of the gnawed bones and wolf tracks indicated that the horse had bolted and left the man defenseless, whereupon he was killed and eaten.


A Russian Linguist, Will Graves, provided our organization with reports of wolves killing Russian people in many areas of that country. Reports indicate some of the wolves were diseased while others appeared healthy. (Reports on file and available upon request.)


Reports have also come from rural China. The official Zinhua News Agency reported that a peasant woman, Wu Jing, snatched her two daughters from the jaws of a wolf and wrestled with the animal until rescuers arrived. Wu slashed at the wolf with a sickle and it dropped one daughter, but grabbed her sister. It was then Wu wrestled with the animal until herdsmen came and drove the beast away. This incident occurred near Shenyang City, about 380 miles northeast of Beijing. (Chronicle Features, 1992)


The question arises: "Why so many attacks in Asia and so few in North America?"


Two factors must be considered:


1. The Philosophy of Conservation - Our forefathers always believed that they had the right and obligation to protect their livelihoods. Considerable distance was necessary between man and wolf for the wolf to survive.


2. Firearms - Inexpensive, efficient weapons gave man the upper hand in the protection of his livelihood and for the taking of wolves.


Milton P. Skinner in his book, “The Yellowstone Nature Book” (published 1924) wrote, "Most of the stories we hear of the ferocity of these animals... come from Europe. There, they are dangerous because they do not fear man, since they are seldom hunted except by the lords of the manor. In America, the wolves are the same kind, but they have found to their bitter cost that practically every man and boy carries a rifle..."


Skinner was correct. The areas of Asia where wolf attacks occur on humans are the same areas where the people have no firearms or other effective means of predator control.


But ... "Biologists claim there are no documented cases of healthy wild wolves attacking humans."


What they really mean is there are no "documented" cases by their criteria which excludes historical accounts. Here's an example.


Rabid wolves were a frightening experience in the early years due to their size and the seriousness of being bit, especially before a vaccine was developed. The bitten subject usually died a slow, miserable death. There are numerous accounts of rabid wolves and their activities. Early Army forts have medical records of rabid wolves coming into the posts and biting several people before being killed. Most of the people bitten died slow, horrible deaths. Additionally, early historical writings relate personal accounts. This author recalls one historical account telling of a man being tied to a tree and left to die because of his violent behavior with rabies after being bitten by a wolf. Such deaths left profound impressions on eyewitnesses of those events.


Dr. David Mech, USFWS wolf biologist, states there are no "documented" cases of rabid wolves below the fifty seventh latitude north (near Whitehorse, Yukon Territory). When asked what "documented" meant, he stated, "The head of the wolf must be removed, sent to a lab for testing and found to be rabid."


Those requirements for documentation negate all historical records!


As with rabid wolves, the biologist can say, "There are no `documented' cases of wild healthy wolves attacking humans." In order to be "documented" these unreasonable criteria must be met:


1. The wolf has to be killed, examined and found to be healthy.


2. It must be proven that the wolf was never kept in captivity in its entire life.


3. There must be eyewitnesses to the attack.


4. The person must die from their wounds (bites are generally not considered attacks according to the biologists).


That is a "documented" attack.


Such criteria make it very difficult to document any historical account of a wolf attack on a human!


Biologists assume when a wolf attacks a human, that there must be something wrong with the wolf. It's either been in captivity or it's sick or whatever. They don't examine the evidence in an unbiased manner or use historical tests.


Historically, there are four reasons for wolf attacks on humans:


1. Disease such as rabies.


2. Extreme hunger.


3. Familiarity/Disposition - This is an either/or situation. Familiarity is the zoo setting, captive wolves, etc. Disposition is a particularly aggressive wolf which may not fear man as most wolves do.


4. In the heat of the chase and kill - This is where a hiker, trapper or whoever disturbs a fresh chase and kill by wolves. The person walks into the scene only to be attacked by the wolves.


It is our belief that a predator's fear of man is both instinctive and learned behavior. For example, wolves raised as pets or in zoos are well documented to attack and kill humans.


Alyshia Berzyck, of Minnesota, was attacked and killed by a wolf on a chain on June 3, 1989. The wolf tore up her kidney, liver and bit a hole through her aorta. One month later, on July 1, 1989, Peter Lemke, 5, lost 12 inches of his intestine and colon and suffered bites to his stomach, neck, legs, arms and back in another wolf attack in Kenyon, Minnesota. (Reports on file and available upon request.)


Zoos carry abundant records of wolf attacks on people, particularly children. The child climbs the enclosure fence to pet the "dog" and is attacked.


Zoos and domestic settings are unnatural in that they place man and wolf in close proximity and they become accustomed to each other. Consequently attacks occur.


Today predator control is very restricted in scope, and as a result, attacks on humans by predators are becoming more common. In recent years, healthy coyotes in Yellowstone Park have attacked humans. Similar attacks have occurred in the National Parks of Canada.


On January 14, 1991, a healthy mountain lion attacked and killed an eighteen-year-old high school senior, Scott Lancaster, in Idaho Springs, Colorado. The boy was jogging on a jogging path within the city limits of the town when the lion attacked and killed him. (Report on file at Abundant Wildlife Society of North America)


Copyright 1995, 2000, T. R. Mader, Research Director

Permission granted to disseminate and/or reprint if credit is given to the source.






1. Comox Valley, British Colombia – 1986 - While driving a tractor, Jakob Knopp was followed by three wolves to his barn. They didn't leave, but kept snarling and showing their teeth. Knopp ran to his barn, retreived a rifle and had to shoot two of the three wolves before the third left the area.


2. George Williams, a retired sailor heard a commotion in his chicken coup one night. Thinking it was raccoons he took his single shot 22 rifle and headed for the coup. He rounded his fishing boat and trailer when a wolf leaped at him. He instinctively reacted with a snap shot with the rifle and dropped the wolf. A second wolf came at him before he could reload and George swung the rifle and struck the wolf across the head, stunning it. George retreated to the house until morning and found the wolf he had shot, the other was gone.


3. Clarence Lewis was picking berries on a logging road about a mile from Knopp's farm when he faced four wolves. Lewis yelled at them, two left and the other two advanced towards him. He took a branch and took a couple of threatening steps at them. They went into the brush and stayed close to him. Lewis faced the wolves and walked backward for two miles until he reached his car.


4. Don Hamilton, Conservation Officer at Nanaimo went to investigate a livestock killing by wolves. Wolves had killed a number of sheep in a pasture and Don went out to examine the kills. He came upon the scene and saw a large gray wolf feeding on one of the sheep. The wolf looked at him, growled and started running towards him at full speed. The wolf was over 100 yards away and never broke stride as it approached Don. At approximately 15 feet, Don shot the wolf to stop its attack. Don, who has many years experience with wolves, stated that he was convinced that the wolf was going to attack him because of its growling, snarling and aggressive behavior.


5. In 1947, a man was hunting cougar on Vancouver Island and was attacked by a pack of seven wolves. The man backed against a tree and shot the leader of the pack. The pack instantly tore the animal to shreds while the hunter made his escape.


6. Clarence Lindley was reportedly attacked by a 125-pound timber wolf. The incident occurred in early November, 1992 on the Figure 4 Ranch in Dunn County, North Dakota. Lindley was hunting horseback when the wolf attacked Lindley's horse causing it to jump and fall. Lindley was able to grab his saddle gun, a lever action Winchester 94, as the horse fell. The horse recovered its balance and Lindley found himself face to face with a snarling wolf. "My heart was pounding," said Lindley, "I could see those big teeth. He was less than five feet away... He meant business; he wasn't going to back off." Lindley fired his rifle at point blank range and killed the wolf with a shot to the neck. Lindley left the wolf since he couldn't get his horse close to it. On return to his hunting camp, his hunter friends failed to believe the account. They returned to the scene and skinned the wolf. The pelt was a flawless black and gray pelt measuring seven and a half feet from its feet to its snout. Its bottom teeth measured one and a half inches; top teeth - one and a quarter inches. The North Dakota Game and Fish Department (NDGF) confiscated the hide and head of the wolf and took it to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) for determination of its species. Tests revealed that the wolf was non-rabid. The wolf was thought to have come from Canada. (Reports on file and available upon request.)

Matthalamew Northwoods
Matthalamew Northwoods says:
Nov 17, 2011 05:34 PM
That second sentence should said wouldn't lose a child!!!
Look up the Fabian Socialist mascot - its a wolf in sheep's clothing...