It was supposed to be "the fishing trip of a lifetime." Three brothers in their 50s and their teenaged sons hauled their rods and tackle to the Sierra National Forest last summer, in search of a quiet spot where they could spend a few days pulling trout from a mountain stream. It didn’t turn out that way.
Instead, about an hour into their trip, the group
ran into a posse of men in camouflage fatigues, toting rifles. They
had stumbled into a marijuana garden. The growers retreated into
the brush and the fishermen hightailed it back to their vehicle,
glancing fearfully over their shoulders the whole way.
Adam Burke writes in this issue’s cover story, this kind of
encounter is becoming more commonplace, as dope growers spread pot
gardens across the West’s out-of-the-way public lands. Strip
away the forest canopy, and these lands would look a lot like an
oil patch, with isolated marijuana plots dotting the landscape,
linked by a spiderweb of foot trails and old logging roads.
The story reveals one of the great conservation
catch-22s: By setting aside lands for fish, wildlife and solitude,
we’ve also created the perfect niche for criminal activity.
The Mexican drug lords who run these gardens — and the
hippies and hillbillies who pioneered the practice — are
simply making use of the wildness, the remoteness, that we’ve
carved out in our national forests and parks.
it’s not just the drug runners who have discovered these
lands. Ann Melle, assistant director of law enforcement for the
U.S. Forest Service, says that as nearby urban areas expand, "all
the crimes that you find in the city" are turning up on the public
domain, including "murders, rapes, assaults, drug dealing,
methamphetamine trafficking, dumping of bodies, dumping of stolen
vehicles …" This is to say nothing of off-road vehicle
trespass in wilderness areas, timber theft, and illegal road- and
Meanwhile, the land-management agencies
have watched their budgets bleed out. The Forest Service oversees
192 million acres nationwide. To keep the peace, the agency has 650
patrol officers and agents. "You do the math," says Melle. OK: that
comes to roughly 300,000 acres per person. Good luck.
What are our options? Behind Door Number One, we find a heavily
funded military-style anti-drug campaign, with even more commandos
creeping through the woods and helicopters sweeping overhead.
Behind Door Number Two, marijuana growing legally in a million
backyard gardens, completely eliminating pot-growing on the public
lands. The first scenario is undesirable, the second unlikely.
There’s another option: We could put people back on
the ground on the public lands. These days, the priority within the
agencies is paperwork, processing oil and gas permits, and
responding to well-deserved lawsuits from environmental groups. The
land-management agencies are staffed by desk drones. We need to get
back to the days of range riders and backcountry rangers, when
people really knew the land.
And it’s not just
agency staffers who should get out onto the ground more often.
There’s enough restoration work out there to employ an army
of workers. Imagine a new Civilian Conservation Corps, thinning
forests and rebuilding streambanks. This army could also act as a
neighborhood crime watch, providing extra sets of eyes and ears for
overworked land managers.
OK, maybe that’s pie in
the sky, too. But as the dope-growing bonanza shows, it’s not
enough to draw lines around a place and leave it be. If we abandon
our public lands, someone else will find a use for them.