Although a lot of mining now takes place in Third World countries, the United States has its share of mining problems, according to the report. In Montana, Nevada and Colorado, the cyanide used to leach gold out of ore has poisoned nearby waters, killing fish and birds. Each year, metals mining produces 1.25 million tons of toxic waste — almost half of the total produced by all U.S. industry combined — and it uses enough energy to power 25 million households.
"People don’t make the connection between the ring on their finger and a mine site they can’t see," says Payal Sampat of Earthworks and the Mineral Policy Center. She adds that more than half of new mining investments are made to obtain gold, while over 80 percent of all gold mined is turned into jewelry.
Mining companies and indigenous cultures often clash in places like Indonesia and Peru, but the report reminds us that American Indians face the same issues. Nevada’s Carlin Trend, the second-largest gold deposit in the world, lies on land claimed by the Western Shoshone, but the tribe has never been paid royalties or compensated for the damage to its land and water.
After reading this report, you’ll be sure to look for a recycling bin next time you want to toss a soda can, and you’ll be inclined to buy your beloved an antique gold ring, instead of a brand-new one. For a copy of the report, see www.nodirtygold.org.