After decades of rancorous debate, construction is under way on the Animas-La Plata dam project in dusty southwestern Colorado (HCN, 8/27/01: A-LP gets federal A-OK). But anyone who thought the controversy would end when the first front-end loader scraped the ground was mistaken. A rising price tag has given its foes fresh ammunition.
"A-LP Ultralight," approved by
Congress in 2000, had a price tag of $338 million. But last July,
when a new Bureau of Reclamation estimate rose 48 percent to $500
million, even previously staunch supporters such as Sen. Pete
Domenici, R-N.M., and Rep. Scott McInnis, R-Colo., questioned the
soaring figure, and Interior Secretary Gale Norton called for a
The resulting report, released in November,
blames the change on "omissions and underestimates" by the Ute
Mountain Ute Tribe, one of the project’s beneficiaries. The
tribe’s estimate did not include a $2.5 million operations
and maintenance building, for example, and underestimated by at
least $20 million the cost of a pipeline to carry water from
Farmington, N.M., to Shiprock.
A federal law granting
Indian tribes first right of refusal for contracts on reservations
allowed the Utes’ Weeminuche Construction Authority to win
construction contracts without competitive bidding, which adds
about $43 million to the price tag. The original cost projection
also failed to consider that the pumping-plant site lies on bedrock
rather than common soil, which will add another $42.7 million in
Phil Doe, a former Bureau official
who now heads the watchdog group Citizens’ Progressive
Alliance, charges that Bureau officials deliberately low-balled the
A-LP figures to get the project passed. "There was tremendous
pressure from the Indians, (Colorado Sen. Ben Nighthorse) Campbell,
and McInnis to get this going," he says. "(Officials) knew if they
got their shovels in the ground, they’d say, ‘Oops! We
made a mistake, but we’ve already started.’ "
Reclamation officials deny that dam proponents misled Congress, but
a congressional subcommittee is holding hearings on the cost
overruns this spring.
Doe predicts taxpayers will pay $1
billion before the project is finished.