The Exxon tanker spill was a drop in the bucket compared to what the U.S. oil industry routinely wastes. In Crude Awakening, The Oil Mess in America: Wasting Energy, Jobs and the Environment, Friends of the Earth says we lose the equivalent of 1,000 Exxon spills each year through leaks, evaporation and inefficient use. Author and senior analyst Jack Doyle highlights 24 case studies of oil disasters and lists hundreds of leaks and spills since 1985. Doyle also says the major U.S. oil companies have eliminated some 400,000 oil-exploration jobs that existed in this country in 1982, sending them overseas. The report has been attacked by the oil industry. Charles DiBona, president of the American Petroleum Institute, called it a "gross exaggeration."


Friends of the Earth, Oil Report, 1025 Vermont Ave. NW, 3rd Floor, Washington, DC 20005, 202/783-7400. 1994. $25 for nonprofits and FOE members, $55 for nonmembers. 800/537-9359. 234 pages.