The report, BLM and the Forest Service: Land Exchanges Need to Reflect Appropriate Value and Serve the Public Interest, recommends a moratorium on exchanges until the system is reformed. One step toward reform, according to the report, is to allow time for public comment on exchanges.
The federal land agencies say exchanges are important tools, since they create continuous blocks of public land and reduce management problems associated with checkerboard property ownership. In a letter to Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., U.S. Department of Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman says the Forest Service is working to improve the land exchange program and has taken the GAO's recommendations under advisement.
Miller, who requested the report, has called for a moratorium on land exchanges. More than 120 environmental groups have signed a letter supporting him.
"To deal with the issue of consolidating these lands is a great idea theoretically," says Deborah Kmon of American Wildlands. "Until we can prove they are maintaining ecological integrity, (land exchanges) shouldn't take place."
For a copy of the report, visit the GAO Web site at www.gao.gov.