The Toxic West

 

Note: This article is a sidebar to a feature story.

(Text adapted from a graphic available in the print version of this issue.)

MONTANA

Population 856,000

Total Facilities 24

National Rank for Air/Water/Land Releases 18

Transfers into State/Rank 16

Transfers out of State/Rank 42

Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases

Facility County Total Releases/lbs.

ASARCO Inc. Lewis and Clark 43.6 million

Stone Container Corp. Missoula 1.6 million

Plum Creek Mfg. L.P. Flathead 390,000

Cenex Refinery Yellowstone 326,510

Columbia Falls Alum. Flathead 258,105

Holly Sugar Corp. Richland 203,500

Conoco Billings Refinery Yellowstone 158,581

Exxon Billings Refinery Yellowstone 150,467

Louisiana-Pacific Corp. Missoula 134,742

Montana Refining Co. Cascade 110,814

Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases:

Zinc compounds

Lead compounds

Manganese compounds

Copper compounds

Methanol


WYOMING

Population 476,000

Total Facilities 27

National Rank for Air/Water/Land Releases 47

Transfers into State/Rank 50

Transfers out of State/Rank 52

Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases

Facility County Total Releases/lbs

Coastal Chem Inc. Laramie 1.4 million

Crown Cork & Seal Co. Inc. Washakie 293,390

Little America Refining Co. Natrona 157,603

Sinclair Oil Corp. Carbon 153,851

Holly Sugar Corp. Goshen 128,500

Holly Sugar Corp. Washakie 114,500

FMC Wyoming Corp. Sweetwater 74,760


Frontier Refining Inc. Laramie 71,213


Wyoming Refining Co Weston 67,000


FMC Corp. Lincoln 60,150





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Ammonia


Glycol ethers


*-Beryl alcohol


Propylene


Phosphoric acid








NORTH DAKOTA





Population 638,000


Total Facilities 34


National Rank


for Total Releases 49


Transfers into State/Rank 40


Transfers out of State/Rank 50








Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total releases/lbs.


Amoco Oil Co. Morton 437,763


American Crystal Sugar Co. Traill 259,750


American Crystal Sugar Co. Pembina 247,500


Minn-Dak Farmers Cooperative Richland 123,804


Case Corp. Cass 89,239


Melroe Co. Sargent 84,486


Nordic Fiberglass Inc. Ramsey 66,515


TIC United Corp. Richland 53,142


J.R. Simplot Co. Grand Forks 44,242


New Vision Fiberglass Inc. Grand Forks 38,750





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Ammonia


Xylene (mixed isomers)


Styrene


Toluene


Hydrogen fluoride








UTAH





Population 1,908,000


Total Facilities 159


National Rank


for Air/Water/Land Releases 11


Transfers into State/Rank 35


Transfers out of State/Rank 40








Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


Magnesium Corp. of America Tooele 55.7 million


Kennecott Utah Copper Salt Lake 9.6 million


Hercules Inc. Salt Lake 1.2 million


Thiokol Corp. Box Elder 744,820


Western Zirconium Weber 314,450


Thiokol Corp. Davis 280,000


U.S. Air Force Tooele 277,660


Nucor Steel Box Elder 234,361


Hercules, Inc. Salt Lake 206,706


American Azide Corp. Iron 194,085





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Chlorine


Hydrochloric acid


Copper compounds


Zinc compounds


Trichloroethane








WASHINGTON





Population 5,343,000


Total Facilities 301


National Rank


for Air/Water/Land Releases 26


Transfers into State/Rank 32


Transfers out of State/Rank 37








Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


Weyerhaeuser Co. Cowlitz 3.4 million


Rayonier Inc. Clallam 1.8 million


Boise Cascade Walla Walla 1.2 million


Unocal Agricultural Products Benton 1.2 million


James River Paper Co. Clark 1.1 million


Simpson Tacoma Kraft Co. Pierce 1.1 million


Port Townsend Paper Corp. Jefferson 901,106


Boeing Commercial Airplane Snohomish 807,155


Georgia-Pacific West Inc. Whatcom 673,654


Weyerhaeuser Co. Grays Harbor 648,410





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Methanol


Ammonia


Hydrochloric acid


Methyl ethyl ketone


Toluene








OREGON





Population 3,086,000


Total Facilities 260


Total Forms 740


National Rank for


Air/Water/Land Releases 32


Transfers into State/Rank 45


Transfers out of State/Rank 33





Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


Weyerhaeuser Co. Lane 2.5 million


Simpson Timber Co. Multnomah 1 million


3M Jackson 826,500


Georgia-Pacific West Corp. Lincoln 807,925


Pope & Talbot Inc. Linn 749,250


James River Paper Co. Inc. Clatsop 695,890


Willamette Ind. Inc. Linn 675,576


Boise Cascade Corp. Columbia 621,005


Amalgamated Sugar Co. Malheur 522,297


Teledyne Wah Chang Albany Linn 483,600





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Methanol


Ammonia


Toluene


Methyl ethyl ketone


Styrene








NEW MEXICO





Population 1,654,000


Total Facilities 45 National Rank


for Air/Water/Land Releases 31


Transfers into State/Rank 46


Transfers out of State/Rank 46








Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


Phelps Dodge Hidalgo Inc. Hidalgo 9.6 million


Chino Mines Co. Grant 7.3 million


Giant Refining Co. McKinley 359,381


Navajo Refining Co. Eddy 145,210


Bloomfield Refining Co. San Juan 141,800


Transportation Mfg. Corp. Chaves 90,270


Honeywell Inc. Bernalillo 39,327


Elastimold Bernalillo 38,500


U.S. Air Force Curry 26,627


Lea Refining Co. Lea 24,900





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Copper compounds


Sulfuric acid (acid aerosols)


Toluene


Xylene (mixed isomers)


Benzene








IDAHO





Population 1,133,000


Total Facilities 67


National Rank


for Air/Water/Land Releases 41


Transfers into State/Rank 41


Transfers out of State/Rank 44








Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


Potlatch Corp. Nez Perce 1.8 million


Amalgamated Sugar Co. Minidoka 1 million


Amalgamated Sugar Co. Canyon 734,440


Amalgamated Sugar Co. Twin Falls 564,515


Lamb Weston Inc. Power 296,725


Woodgrain Millwork Inc. Payette 269,000


U.S. DOE Idaho National Butte 236,591


IBP Inc. Ada 221,000


J.R. Simplot Co. Canyon 207,813


Fiberglass Sys. Inc. Ada 123,724





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Ammonia


Methanol


Zinc compounds


Sulfuric acid (acid aerosols)


Methyl ethyl ketone








COLORADO





Population 3,656,000


Total Facilities 189


National Rank


for Air/Water/Land Releases 43


Transfers into State/Rank 39


Transfers out of State/Rank 36











Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


CF & I Steel L.P. Pueblo 524,343


Ball Metal Container Ops. Jefferson 408,000


Metal Container Corp. Weld 312,005


Coors Brewing Co. Jefferson 284,437


Syntex Chemicals Inc. Boulder 226,950


Kodak Weld 162,307


Pillow Kingdom Mfg. Denver 159,869


Conoco Denver Refinery Adams 131,456


Hauser Chemical Research Inc. Boulder 108,200


Gates Rubber Co. Denver 89,903





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Toluene


Glycol ethers


*-Butyl alcohol


1,1,1-Trichloroethane


Methanol








CALIFORNIA





Population 31,431,000


Total Facilities 1,632


National Rank


for Air/Water/Land Releases 19


Transfers into State/Rank 14


Transfers out of State/Rank 28








Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


Louisiana-Pacific Corp. Humboldt 4.1 million


Foamex International Inc. Orange 1.2 million


DuPont Contra Costa 1.2 million


E.R. Carpenter Co. Inc. Riverside 1.1 million


Tosco Refining Co. Contra Costa 692,456


Exxon Co. USA Solano 681,128


Mobil Oil Torrance Refinery Los Angeles 657,481


Mountain Pass Operation San Bernardino 630,642


Douglas Aircraft Co. Los Angeles 621,328


Callaway Golf San Diego 607,295





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


1,1,1-Trichlorethane


Ammonia


Methanol


Glycol ethers


Styrene








ARIZONA





Population 4,075,000


Total Facilities 185


National Rank


for Air/Water/Land Releases 24


Transfers into State/Rank 30


Transfers out of State/Rank 24








Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


ASARCO Inc. Gila 17.9 million


Cyprus Miami Mining Corp. Gila 7.7 million


Stone Southwest Corp. Navajo 2.4 million


Sea Ray Boats Inc. Maricopa 235,000


Griffin Corp. Pinal 229,848


Allied-Signal Inc. Maricopa 182,240


Arizona Portland Cement Co. Pima 176,417


American National Can Co. Maricopa 145,800


Magma Metals Co. Pinal 121,350


U.S. Air Force Plant Pima 120,628





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Copper compounds


Zinc compounds


Lead compounds


Methanol


Antimony compounds





SOUTH DAKOTA





Population 721,000


Total Facilities 66


National Rank


for Air/Water/Land Releases 48


Transfers into State/Rank 50


Transfers out of State/Rank 48








Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


3M Health Care Brookings 283,000


Alumax Extrusions Inc. Yankton 271,510


Starmark Inc. Minnehaha 248,000


Stella Foods Inc. Grant 179,832


SMC Corp. Minnehaha 135,142


Trail King Ind. Inc. Davison 114,187


John Morrell & Co. Minnehaha 92,900


Enercept Inc. Codington 64,920


Merillat Ind. Inc. Pennington 61,461


Lyle Signs Inc. Kingsbury 54,367





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Xylene (mixed isomers)


Toluene


Methyl ethyl ketone


Nitric acid


Glycol ethers





NEVADA





Population 1,457,000


Total Facilities 41


National Rank


for Air/Water/Land Releases 44


Transfers into State/Rank 38


Transfers out of State/Rank 49








Top Ten Facilities for Air/Water/Land Releases


Facility County Total Releases/lbs.


Kerr-McGee Chemical Corp. Clark 2 million


R.R. Donnelly & Sons Co. Washoe 292,392


Nevada Refinery of Kennametal Churchill 260,285


Coastal Chem Inc. Lander 211,250


Capital Cabinet Corp. Clark 91,159


O'Sullivan Plastics Corp. Lyon 71,992


Sun Chemical Corp. Washoe 61,570


H.C. Ind. Inc. Lyon 57,900


Titanium Metals Corp. Clark 49,500


Precision Rolled Prods. Inc. Washoe 40,000





Top Five Chemicals for Air/Water/Land Releases


Manganese compounds


Toluene


Ammonia


Xylene (mixed isomers)


Methyl ethyl ketone





Source: Environmental Protection Agency


Drawn by Diane Sylvain





Note: In addition to the 50 states, the Toxics Release Inventory includes American Samoa, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the District of Columbia. Transfers into or out of state may be for storage, treatment, disposal, recycling, or combustion for energy production.