You are here: home   Blogs   The GOAT Blog   Fracking passions run hot — and science gets burned
The GOAT Blog

Fracking passions run hot — and science gets burned

Document Actions
Tip Jar Donation

Your donation supports independent non-profit journalism from High Country News.

Krista Langlois | Jul 29, 2013 12:30 PM

With the possible exception of England’s Royal Baby, few topics are as hot right now as fracking. No matter what news or quasi-news source you turn to, there it is: Impossible to ignore, nearly as impossible to understand.

It’s no surprise that people are passionate about the subject. As Judith Lewis Mernit writes for HCN, natural gas has become an important part of our domestic energy strategy. But science has been slow to catch up to technology, and the picture of what fracking means for the environment and for communities is still hazy — creating a climate ripe for speculation and dubious claims.

"The debate [on both sides] is becoming very emotional. And basically not using science," Duke University professor Avner Vengosh said in a recent interview.

That’s nothing new: the media has been frustrating scientists long before fracking became a hot-button issue. As a journalist, I can empathize. It’s challenging to cover a controversy when both sides lack conclusive evidence, or to write about arcane science when readers and editors alike want stories that drive traffic, sell copies and otherwise pay the bills. Plus, with fracking opponents growing more vocal, perhaps some media makers thought it was fair to give the other side some attention.

Either way, two stories published by the Associated Press last week highlight studies supporting fracking as clean and safe, and were framed with less of a critical eye than the topic warrants.

For example: on July 19, newspapers across the country picked up an AP story about a “landmark federal study” in Pennsylvania conducted by the Department of Energy and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. According to the AP’s opening paragraph, the study “shows no evidence that chemicals from the natural gas drilling process moved up to contaminate drinking water aquifers.”

Go to the original source, though, and the message is a bit different. The DOE statement reads as follows: “We are still in the early stages of collecting, analyzing and validating data from this site. While nothing of concern has been found thus far, the results are far too preliminary to make any firm claims.”

Far too preliminary, it says. No firm claims. But the lack of conclusiveness didn’t deter the The Denver Post from announcing “Reassuring news on fracking front: A federal study showing that fracking fluids don't infiltrate water supplies ought to ease concerns," or the AP headline from declaring “DOE study: Fracking chemicals didn't taint water."

As the editors responsible for those stories know, lots of folks never read beyond the headline and first paragraph. Regardless of what may be mentioned further down, using an introduction to imply conclusiveness where there is none only further muddies the water.

A second widely-circulated AP story from last week proclaims that “some fracking critics use bad science.” The story questions the credibility of controversial anti-fracking documentary director Josh Fox, who claims in his new film, “Gasland 2,” that Texas cancer rates are higher around fracking sites in the Barnett Shale. But experts from the Texas Cancer Registry, Susan G. Komen for the Cure and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center have all come forward with statements that Fox’s assertions are wrong. Then eminent scholar and author Sandra Steingraber spoke publically defended Fox's claims. How’s a discerning reader to know what to believe?

Sorting through the barbs being traded by pro- and anti-frackers reminds me of watching the movie Blue Valentine, in which two deeply flawed but good-hearted characters unintentionally contribute to their marriage’s demise. As anyone who’s been in love can attest, passion can trump reason, so perhaps it’s unsurprising that the national frenzy over fracking has led to the distortion of the truth by both sides.

As to how the discerning reader ought to approach the issue of fracking, perhaps the answer, for now, is with a very critical eye. Because the Environmental Protection Agency recently dropped its investigations into water contamination in Wyoming — and the study has been picked up by the state, with funding from drilling giant Encana — the arrival of unbiased, peer-reviewed scientific data may be delayed even further, and the debate over fracking may grow even more muddled before a clear picture emerges.

Krista Langlois is an editorial intern at High Country News.

God hates fracks
Evidence of an emotional debate: claiming God is on your side

Image credit: Flickr user Bill Baker

Robert Soby
Robert Soby
Jul 30, 2013 09:56 AM
The fight is just beginning...The Koch boys are pushing hard...
Phil Briggs
Phil Briggs
Jul 31, 2013 11:08 AM
One should really do some independent research on hydraulic fracturing, before making any rash unsupported statements. Too many people decry fracking... and think fracking is 'the' process for obtaining natural gas and shale oil... nope. Fracking is a process used weeks after a well has been drilled. "Frackers" don't do anything on their own, and certainly don't explore or drill oil/gas wells. Fracking has been going on since 1949... usually in areas away from rich folks or urban areas... only in the last few years, with shale deposits being exploited near urbanists, has their been a 'problem'... mainly the NIMBY phenomenon.

The Koch boys have little to nothing to do with this... EVERY gas and oil well drilled in the country today, the overwhelming majority of them with zero ties to the Koch's, have their wells fracked. A natural gas well drilled in my area will run at least 750K for a vertical well, close to 4M for a horizontal one. A 'frack' job is a couple hundred thousand more, but it will allow the well to produce more gas/oil, making the well pay off sooner and produce longer.

Email Newsletter

The West in your Inbox

Follow Us

Follow us on Facebook! Follow us on Twitter! Follow our RSS feeds!
  1. Idaho’s sewer system is the Snake River | As Big Ag flourishes, this massive waterway suffer...
  2. The Latest: Wild Mexican wolf pups born in Sierra Madre | The species still struggles on both sides of the b...
  3. Recreation-related death toll soars this summer |
  4. Summer swimming in a Washington lake | A writer takes the plunge in frigid water.
  5. Colorado water users gird for first statewide plan |
  1. The death of backpacking? | Younger people don’t seem interested in this out...
  2. Idaho’s sewer system is the Snake River | As Big Ag flourishes, this massive waterway suffer...
  3. A graceful gazelle becomes a pest | Inrroducing an African gazelle called the oryx for...
  4. Illegal immigrants take jobs from Americans | A native-born New Mexico Hispanic points out that ...
  5. Plains sense | Ten years after Frank and Deborah Popper first pro...
More from Energy
Climate canary Greenhouse gases are changing the way we talk about coal
The Latest: EPA cuts pollution at the Navajo Generating Station 75 percent less haze predicted for nearby parks.
Jared Polis abandons anti-fracking initiatives A Democratic family feud takes a surprising turn in Colorado.
All Energy
© 2014 High Country News, all rights reserved. | privacy policy | terms of use | powered by Plone