You are here: home   Blogs   The GOAT Blog   End of an exodus?
The GOAT Blog

End of an exodus?

Document Actions
Tip Jar Donation

Your donation supports independent non-profit journalism from High Country News.

arib | Jul 23, 2009 04:27 PM

As the debate rages on over border fence construction and the environmental and population impacts of immigration, a report released yesterday by the Pew Hispanic Center showed a marked decrease in Mexican migrants entering the U.S.

Migration rates into the U.S. from Mexico dropped almost 40 percent between 2006 and 2009, while migration back to Mexico remained relatively stable, according to the report. Study author Jeffrey Passel told the Washington Post that "the faltering Mexican economy; tales of drug violence there  and indications (of) tougher enforcement by U.S. border patrol agents,"  could be factors influencing Mexican nationals to stay on this side of the border.

There is no single direct way to measure immigration since most Mexican immigrants are unauthorized and the U.S. does not monitor emigration. However, U.S. Border Patrol apprehensions of Mexicans attempting to cross the border illegally dropped by one-third between 2006 and 2008, according to the report.

In Arizona, where 89 percent of Hispanics are of Mexican origin, the drop in immigration and the poor economy are hurting Latino-focused businesses. Bashas ' Supermarkets is closing three Phoenix-area Food City stores that cater to Hispanic markets, the Arizona Republic reported last week:

No one knows exactly how many Latinos have left the state, but advocates, business owners and experts who track the Latino market believe the number is significant. The collapse of the state's economy eliminated many labor jobs tied to growth industries.

A February report from the Pew Hispanic Center noted an increase in unemployment rates among foreign-born Hispanics between 2007 and 2008, at a rate one percent higher than all persons in the labor market. The employment rate of immigrant Latinos (two-thirds of whom are of Mexican origin) fell by 2.8 percent compared with 1.6 percent among all persons of working age.

The Center's July report notes that it remains to be seen whether the recent decrease in  migration from Mexico indicates a“fundamental change in U.S.-Mexico immigration patterns or is a short-term response to heightened border enforcement, the weakened U.S. economy or other forces.”

Use of helmets in border crossings
Jul 27, 2009 09:04 PM
It would be interesting to investigate whether the lack of helmet distribution among Mexican immigrants could be responsible for this decrease. I myself have taken bicycle safety class and have found myself riding my bike much more frequently with my new helmets. Businesses in Arizona should consider selling helmets to migrants.
Arizona's new law part of the cause?
Steve Snyder
Steve Snyder
Jul 28, 2009 06:06 PM
How much of the effect is due to Arizona's new stringent law on requiring business documentation of employees, with tough penalties?

Email Newsletter

The West in your Inbox

Follow Us

Follow us on Facebook! Follow us on Twitter! Follow our RSS feeds!
  1. The death of backpacking? | Younger people don’t seem interested in this out...
  2. Why I am a Tea Party member |
  3. The privatization of public campground management | All the info you need to decide whether you love o...
  4. Efficiency lessons from Germany |
  5. The Latest: Interior commits to restoring bison on select lands | The “odd ungulate out” gets a tentative win.
  1. The death of backpacking? | Younger people don’t seem interested in this out...
  2. A graceful gazelle becomes a pest | Inrroducing an African gazelle called the oryx for...
  3. What's killing the Yukon's salmon? | An ecological mystery in Alaska has scientists and...
  4. Plains sense | Ten years after Frank and Deborah Popper first pro...
  5. North Dakota wrestles with radioactive oilfield waste | Regulators look at raising the limit for radiation...
© 2014 High Country News, all rights reserved. | privacy policy | terms of use | powered by Plone